The "fifth", "ninth", "eleventh" and "thirteenth" of a chord can be altered. Alterations can be applied 1, 2 and 3 at a time. The alternations give a chord added color or tension.
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The fifth of any major or minor chord type can be lowered one fret.
The fifth of any major or minor chord type can be raised one fret.
The ninth of any any chord can be raised one fret.
The ninth of any any major or augmented chord type can be raised three frets.
The eleventh of any any major or augmented chord type can be raised two frets.
The third of a minor chord type can be raised three frets.
The lowered thirteenth is identical to the augmented fifth.
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