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Harmonic Analysis for Scale Selection and Chord Substitution

Harmonic Analysis is the understanding of the functional sequence of chords.

PUBLISHED: Jan 2, 2003 UPDATED: Feb 7, 2019 • VIEWS: 47 • BOOK CODE: RMA1

Instruments: music ukulele guitar ANY harmonica banjo mandolin lapsteel piano Subjects: theoryjazzprogressionsreferenceadvancedintermediatesongwritingmodesarrangingchordstransposingimprovisationworksheet

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Harmonic Analysis for Scale Selection and Chord Substitution

Product Code: RMA1
Author(s): Curt Sheller
Publisher(s): Curt Sheller Publications
Published: 2003-01-02 00:00:00
ISBN-10: 0-9714044-2-9
ISBN-13: 978-0-9714044-2-7
Size: 8.5 x 11
Size: 8.5 x 11
Pages: 88
Price, Hard Copy: $19.95
Price, PDF: $9

Harmonic Analysis is the understanding of the functional sequence of chords. It is the process used to analyze the harmonic structure of a progression, song or composition. This analysis is then used to make scale selections for improvisation and chord substitution.

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Excerpt from Harmonic Analysis for Scale Selection and Chord Substitution

Forward

The understanding of a chord's function within a chord progression or song is the first step in the process of scale selection for improvisation and creating melodies,as well as applying the principles of chords and scale substitution. It’s also the only way that can accurately be used to determine the correct name of a particular chord.

Introduction

This book focuses on the following:

  • Analysis of Chord Functions within Chord Progressions
  • Scale Selection Based on Chord Function
  • Chord and Scale Substitution Principle

The chord progressions in this book employ the principles that occur in Tonic-Dominant harmony used in the Jazz and Popular songs widely considered to be part of the "standard" jazz repertoire.

A special thanks to Chuck Anderson for many of the concepts put forth in this book. As well as Glen Hirabayashi with help in editing this second edition.

Basic Concepts

Harmonic Analysis (HA) is the process used to determine the harmonic function of chords within a chord progression, song or composition. A chord progression is defined as a sequence of chords, with each chord having a root and a particular chord type. The relationship of a chord's root to a scale determines its function within that scale's tonality. Once a chord's function is identified, scale selections along with chord and scale substitutions are made. We call this process Root Movement Analysis (RMA).


Root Movement Analysis

Root Movement Analysis is the process of determining the root movement of chords within a chord progression, song or composition, the chord types as well as identifying tonal centers. This root movement can be determined and categorized using one of six harmonic principles and the harmonized chord charts contained in this book. These principles six harmonic principles will be covered in the next chapters.


The Harmonized Chord Scale


A chord, in music, is any harmonic set of pitches consisting of two or more (usually three or more) notes. The most common collection is created by the stacking of intervals of thirds. These thirds are a combination of major or minor thirds.
These three note chords are called triads. Four notes make up 4-part chords, five notes make up a 5-part chord, all the way up to chords that include all the notes of the scale. These chords create a Harmonized Chord Scale that is used for a Root Movement Analysis. For the purposes of harmonic analysis this book uses triads and 4-part chords only...

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Because this book is only available directly through me (Curt Sheller), this site and at our Funky Frets family music store. It is the only way this book can earn its keep and its only source of revenue is visitors and site members like you. If you don’t pay, the book dies, gets no updates, etc…

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Making my books only available on this, my web site is an experiment in using the web as a serious book publishing platform. My goal is to take my music expertise and knowledge that I've gained from the past 40 plus years of serious study, research and application as a performer, student, author, private music teacher and make it available in your quest to be a better musician, enjoy the ukulele more or just having more fun in what you are doing.

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Your purchase supports all that it takes to keep this site going. And, a membership is the best way to do that. I'll not do the Pateron or Kickstarter route for begging for money ( nothing against fellow artists that go that route - just not my cup-of-tea.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents: Harmonic Analysis for Scale Selection and Chord Substitution

  • Introduction
  • Basic Concept
    • The Harmonized Chord Scale
    • Root Movement Analysis
  • The Six Harmonic Principles (Overview)
  • Full Diatonic
    • Determining Tonality
  • Partial Diatonic
    • Secondary Dominants
      • VI7 - V of II
      • VII7 - V of III
      • I7 - V of IV
      • II7 - V of V
      • III7 - V of VI
      • Chained Secondary Dominant Cycles
      • Diminished Chords?
  • Internal Modulation
    • Determining a Modulation
    • Pivot or Double Function Chords
    • Common Modulations
  • Unresolved
  • Chromatic
  • Cycle
  • Common Chord Functions and Progressions
    • Common Major Keys
    • Common Chord Progressions
    • Chord's Harmonic Function
  • Common Harmonic Sequences
    • Im ImL7 Im7 Im6
    • Im7 Im7+5 Im6
    • Picardy Third
    • Chromatic Sevenths
    • Confirmation Sequence
  • Scale Selection
    • Vertical Scale Choices
    • Horizontal Scale Choices
      • Full Diatonic Chords
      • Partial Diatonic
      • Internal Modulation
      • Unresolved
      • Cycle
      • Chromatic
    • The Lydian Scale Uses vs Ionian Scale
  • Chord & Scale Substitution Principles
    • Direct Substitutions
      • Replacement
      • Expansion
    • Substitution Characteristics
      • Superimposed
      • Non Superimposable
      • Note Substitution
    • Inversions
    • Linking
    • Re-harmonizations
    • Diatonic Substitutions
      • Passive
      • Active
    • The Minor Third Substitution Principle
      • bVII7
      • bII7
      • III7
  • Worksheet Examples
  • Harmonized Chord Charts
    • Major Key
    • Minor Key
    • Harmonic Minor
    • Tonic Minor
    • Ionian
    • Dorian
    • Phrygian
    • Lydian
    • Mixolydian
    • Aeolian
    • Locrian
    • Blues Major
    • Blues Minor
    • Pentatonic
  • Summary
  • Index

Errata: Harmonic Analysis for Scale Selection and Chord Substitution

  • 6/2/2006 - Updated ISBN number to new ISBN-13 number.
  • 10/24/2004 - 20041024.1.1 - Fixed a few typos.
  • 4/1/2004 - New color cover.
  • 1/25/2004 - Several changes made and additional common progressions added. Version 200401252230
  • 1/19/2004 - Page 78 Aeolian chord chart D Aeolian row wrong. All future versions of the book will reflect this change. Version 200401201100

The latest download ( PDF or eBook ) always has the latest changes and errata changes incorporated and contain the most up-to-date version of the file. If you download the book from LearningUkulele.com you'll be notified when there is a new version of the book available.

Related Lessons

Related Lessons for Harmonic Analysis for Scale Selection and Chord Substitution at this time.

Harmonic Analysis Lesson Series • Updated: Jan 6, 2020

Harmonic Analysis ( HA ) is the process used to determine the harmonic function of chords within a chord progression. A chord progression is defined as a sequence of chords, each chord has a root and has a particular chord type. The relationship of a chord's root to a scale determines its function within that scale's tonality. Once a chord's function is identified, scale selections along with chord and scale substitutions can be made. This process is called Root Movement Analysis ( RMA ). This series of lessons are extracted from my book for use with individual private and on-line students. Each lesson directly corresponds the chapters in my book Harmonic Analysis for Scale Selection and Chord Substitution by Curt Sheller (me).

Related Book Files, Resources and Assets

Related Assets for Harmonic Analysis for Scale Selection and Chord Substitution at this time.

A Guide to Advanced Chords Series - Chord Building Chart
Updated: Dec 31, 2016

Key Signatures - Cycle of Fourths and Fifths
Updated: Oct 14, 2019

Related Books

Related Books for Harmonic Analysis for Scale Selection and Chord Substitution at this time.

Modular Phonetic Rhythm, The Foundation and Workbook 1
Updated: Nov 9, 2015

Modular Phonetic Rhythm represents a significant advance in the teaching and application of rhythm.

Harmonic Analysis for Scale Selection and Chord Substitution
Updated: Feb 7, 2019

Harmonic Analysis is the understanding of the functional sequence of chords.

Related Songs

Related Songs for Harmonic Analysis for Scale Selection and Chord Substitution at this time.

Any Song Will Do
Updated: Dec 7, 2015

When any song here can be used for the concepts in the lessons.

Related Lesson Series

Related Lessons Series for Harmonic Analysis for Scale Selection and Chord Substitution at this time.

Harmonic Analysis for Scale and Chord Selection
Updated: Jan 1, 2003

Harmonic Analysis is the process used to determine the harmonic function of chords within a chord progression or song. A chord progression is defined as a sequence of chords, each chord has a root and is a particular chord type. The relationship of a chord's to a scale determines its function within that scale's tonality.

Jazz Standard Chord Progressions
Updated: Jan 1, 2003

These are the chord progressions, extracted from my book Exploring Jazz Chords on Ukulele for use with on-line and private students.

Common Chord Progressions and Remembering Songs
Updated: Jan 1, 2003

Learning the similarities between chord progressions and songs helps you remember a lot of songs. There's a lot more in common between songs than one might think.

Understanding Intervals
Updated: Jan 1, 2003

An interval is the distance between two notes. An interval has a name and a type. Intervals can be played one note (melodic) or two notes (harmonic) at a time, ascending or descending.

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