Harmonic Analysis for Scale Selection and Chord Substitution

Harmonic Analysis is the understanding of the functional sequence of chords.

Published: Jan 2, 2003 Updated: Feb 7, 2019 • Visitors: 64 • Page Views: 1

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Harmonic Analysis for Scale Selection and Chord Substitution

Harmonic Analysis is the understanding of the functional sequence of chords. It is the process used to analyze the harmonic structure of a progression, song or composition. This analysis is then used to make scale selections for improvisation and chord substitution.

Applying harmonic analysis principles with harmonized scale charts for scale selection and chord substitution.

Harmonic Analysis is the understanding of the functional sequence of chords. It is the process used to analyze the harmonic structure of a progression, song or composition. This analysis is then used to make scale selections for improvisation and chord substitution.

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RMA1

Harmonic Analysis for Scale Selection and Chord Substitution

Product Code: RMA1
Author(s): Curt Sheller
Publisher(s): Curt Sheller Publications
Published: 2003-01-02
ISBN-10: 0-9714044-2-9
ISBN-13: 978-0-9714044-2-7
Access Level: 3
CSP: 336086/C1E3613C
Size: 8.5 x 11
Pages: 88
eCommerce: 336086/C1E3613C

Harmonic Analysis is the understanding of the functional sequence of chords. It is the process used to analyze the harmonic structure of a progression, song or composition. This analysis is then used to make scale selections for improvisation and chord substitution.

If you ask, "When I'm playing a solo over a jazz song, how do I know which notes work at any point in the song?" then you may want to have a look at this book ( Harmonic Anaylsis for Scale Selection and Chord Substitution)

IYou can glean this information from many sources, but this is a pithy, direct approach to the heart of the answer you're looking for. I would also suggest, for a broad, comprehensive, and beautifully written 'Bible' on understanding jazz, Mark Levine's "The Jazz Theory Book."

James K. Kroger, Ph.D. Department of Psychology, New Mexico State University

Applying harmonic analysis principles with harmonized scale charts for scale selection and chord substitution.

Harmonic Analysis is the understanding of the functional sequence of chords. It is the process used to analyze the harmonic structure of a progression, song or composition. This analysis is then used to make scale selections for improvisation and chord substitution.

Excerpt from Harmonic Analysis for Scale Selection and Chord Substitution

Forward

The understanding of a chord's function within a chord progression or song is the first step in the process of scale selection for improvisation and creating melodies,as well as applying the principles of chords and scale substitution. It’s also the only way that can accurately be used to determine the correct name of a particular chord.

Introduction

This book focuses on the following:

  • Analysis of Chord Functions within Chord Progressions
  • Scale Selection Based on Chord Function
  • Chord and Scale Substitution Principle

The chord progressions in this book employ the principles that occur in Tonic-Dominant harmony used in the Jazz and Popular songs widely considered to be part of the "standard" jazz repertoire.

A special thanks to Chuck Anderson for many of the concepts put forth in this book. As well as Glen Hirabayashi with help in editing this second edition.

Basic Concepts

Harmonic Analysis (HA) is the process used to determine the harmonic function of chords within a chord progression, song or composition. A chord progression is defined as a sequence of chords, with each chord having a root and a particular chord type. The relationship of a chord's root to a scale determines its function within that scale's tonality. Once a chord's function is identified, scale selections along with chord and scale substitutions are made. We call this process Root Movement Analysis (RMA).


Root Movement Analysis

Root Movement Analysis is the process of determining the root movement of chords within a chord progression, song or composition, the chord types as well as identifying tonal centers. This root movement can be determined and categorized using one of six harmonic principles and the harmonized chord charts contained in this book. These principles six harmonic principles will be covered in the next chapters.


The Harmonized Chord Scale


A chord, in music, is any harmonic set of pitches consisting of two or more (usually three or more) notes. The most common collection is created by the stacking of intervals of thirds. These thirds are a combination of major or minor thirds.
These three note chords are called triads. Four notes make up 4-part chords, five notes make up a 5-part chord, all the way up to chords that include all the notes of the scale. These chords create a Harmonized Chord Scale that is used for a Root Movement Analysis. For the purposes of harmonic analysis this book uses triads and 4-part chords only...

Table of Contents

Table of Contents: Harmonic Analysis for Scale Selection and Chord Substitution

  • Introduction
  • Basic Concept
    • The Harmonized Chord Scale
    • Root Movement Analysis
  • The Six Harmonic Principles (Overview)
  • Full Diatonic
    • Determining Tonality
  • Partial Diatonic
    • Secondary Dominants
      • VI7 - V of II
      • VII7 - V of III
      • I7 - V of IV
      • II7 - V of V
      • III7 - V of VI
      • Chained Secondary Dominant Cycles
      • Diminished Chords?
  • Internal Modulation
    • Determining a Modulation
    • Pivot or Double Function Chords
    • Common Modulations
  • Unresolved
  • Chromatic
  • Cycle
  • Common Chord Functions and Progressions
    • Common Major Keys
    • Common Chord Progressions
    • Chord's Harmonic Function
  • Common Harmonic Sequences
    • Im ImL7 Im7 Im6
    • Im7 Im7+5 Im6
    • Picardy Third
    • Chromatic Sevenths
    • Confirmation Sequence
  • Scale Selection
    • Vertical Scale Choices
    • Horizontal Scale Choices
      • Full Diatonic Chords
      • Partial Diatonic
      • Internal Modulation
      • Unresolved
      • Cycle
      • Chromatic
    • The Lydian Scale Uses vs Ionian Scale
  • Chord & Scale Substitution Principles
    • Direct Substitutions
      • Replacement
      • Expansion
    • Substitution Characteristics
      • Superimposed
      • Non Superimposable
      • Note Substitution
    • Inversions
    • Linking
    • Re-harmonizations
    • Diatonic Substitutions
      • Passive
      • Active
    • The Minor Third Substitution Principle
      • bVII7
      • bII7
      • III7
  • Worksheet Examples
  • Harmonized Chord Charts
    • Major Key
    • Minor Key
    • Harmonic Minor
    • Tonic Minor
    • Ionian
    • Dorian
    • Phrygian
    • Lydian
    • Mixolydian
    • Aeolian
    • Locrian
    • Blues Major
    • Blues Minor
    • Pentatonic
  • Summary
  • Index

Errata

Errata: Harmonic Analysis for Scale Selection and Chord Substitution

  • 6/2/2006 - Updated ISBN number to new ISBN-13 number.
  • 10/24/2004 - 20041024.1.1 - Fixed a few typos.
  • 4/1/2004 - New color cover.
  • 1/25/2004 - Several changes made and additional common progressions added. Version 200401252230
  • 1/19/2004 - Page 78 Aeolian chord chart D Aeolian row wrong. All future versions of the book will reflect this change. Version 200401201100

The latest download ( PDF or eBook ) always has the latest changes and errata changes incorporated and contain the most up-to-date version of the file. If you download the book from LearningUkulele.com you'll be notified when there is a new version of the book available.

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Related Lessons

Related Lessons for Harmonic Analysis for Scale Selection and Chord Substitution at this time.

Harmonic Analysis Lesson Series

Harmonic Analysis ( HA ) is the process used to determine the harmonic function of chords within a chord progression.

Related Lesson Series

Related Lessons Series for Harmonic Analysis for Scale Selection and Chord Substitution at this time.

Harmonic Analysis for Scale and Chord Selection

Harmonic Analysis is the process used to determine the harmonic function of chords within a chord progression or song. A chord progression is defined as a sequence of chords, each chord has a root and is a particular chord type. The relationship of a chord's to a scale determines its function within that scale's tonality.

This series of lessons are extracted from my book for use with individual private and on-line students-members.

Common Chord Progressions and Remembering Songs

Learning the similarities between chord progressions and songs helps you remember a lot of songs. There's a lot more in common between songs than one might think.

This series of lessons explores common chord progressions.

Remembering songs is lot like remembering the directions for a road trip. There are the turn-by-turn directions, road maps, signs and landmarks. Turn here, turn there, remember this and remember that landmark. With a songs it's the chords, the harmonic cells and form of the song.

With a few music tools and an understanding of the principles of how chords and chords progressions work. You can start unraveling what's going on in a song. There's a lot more in common between songs than you might think. Each song has it's own direction, signs and landmarks.

Understanding Intervals

An interval is the distance between two notes. An interval has a name and a type. Intervals can be played one note (melodic) or two notes (harmonic) at a time, ascending or descending.

Simple and Compound Intervals are taken from a major scale.

Chromatic Intervals are NOT taken from a major scale. They are derived from the diatonic intervals.

This series is all about understanding intervals.

Related Book Files, Resources and Assets

Related Assets for Harmonic Analysis for Scale Selection and Chord Substitution at this time.

A Guide to Advanced Chords Series - Chord Building Chart

A handle dandy reference chart for building fifteen (15) basic triads and 4-part chords.


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Key Signatures - Cycle of Fourths and Fifths

A handy reference chart of all 15 major and relative minor key signatues.


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Related Book Books

Related Books for Harmonic Analysis for Scale Selection and Chord Substitution at this time.

Modular Phonetic Rhythm, The Foundation and Workbook 1

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Any Song Will Do

When any song here can be used for the concepts in the lessons.

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Just browsing over both books, they look fantastic! I'm a guitarist and uke player for over 25 years and was thinking about writing a ukulele book but you've already written what I think are the best, most comprehensive and thorough books I've ever seen for the instrument. I just might end up buying every book you've written and I'll be giving my highest recommendation for your books to my friends and students. Thank you so much for taking the time to write such great books!Peter Rhee

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