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Blues Ukulele: Just What is Blues?

The Blues are at the heart of all American music. Be Rock, Jazz, Country, Folk or Pop, there's a bit of the blues in it all.

Improvisation is More Than Just Scales

Most people think, to learn improvisation, you need to master your scales. That's true - but it's just a starting point. Granted scales are a big part of what you draw from for improvisation. There's also intervals, arpeggios and sequences - which actually come from scales as well. It's how you use and apply them that counts.

Essential Jazz Scales?

A scale is not really a “Jazz” scale or “Blues” or “Rock”. A scale is just a collection of notes. It is how you use and develop theses collection of notes. Some are more common in one style vs. another.

In Jazz, we can base a large majority of the scales that we will ever need off the Major (Ionian) and Natural Minor (Aeolian) scales. From these two scales, you can create or derive any other scales and scale modes that you need for playing Jazz.

Here are the Major / Ionian and Natural Minor / Aeolian scale shapes to memorize.

These two scales are core, key/reference scales. Whatever you call them, they are essential.

Essential Scale for Exploring Jazz

Contemporary Scales

All scale examples are shown with a C root for comparison.

Modal Scales

  • Ionian ( C, D, E, F, G, A, B, C’ )

    the Major scale is one of the first scale a lot of musicians learn. Especially on the piano where C major is the white keys only.

  • Dorian ( C, D, E, F, G, A, B, C’ )
  • Phrygian ( C, Db, Eb, F, G, Ab, Bb, C’ )
  • Lydian ( C, D, E, F#, G, A, B, C’ )
  • Mixolydian or Dominant ( C, D, E, F, G, A, Bb, C’ )
  • Aeolian or Natural Minor ( C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, Bb, C’ )
  • Locrian ( C, Db, Eb, F, Gb, Ab, Bb, C’ )

Traditional Scales

  • Major ( C D E F G A B C’ )
  • Natural Minor ( C D Eb F G Ab Bb C’ )
  • Harmonic Minor ( C D Eb F G Ab B C’ )
  • Jazz Melodic Minor ( C D Eb F G A B C’ )
  • Diminished ( C D Eb F Gb Ab A B C’)

    Here is a FREE download of the Diminished scale using the QuickStart Series Scale Fingering format.

  • Whole Tone ( C D E F# G# A# C’ )

    Here is a FREE download of the Whole Tone scale using the QuickStart Series Scale Fingering format.

Altered Scales

  • Mixolydian +4 or Lydian Dominant ( C D E F# G A Bb C’ )
  • Mixolydian -2, -6 ( C Db E F G Ab Bb C’ )
  • Mixolydian -2 ( C Db E F G A Bb C’ )
  • Mixolydian -6 ( C D E F G Ab Bb C’ )

Supplemental Scales

  • Inverted Diminished ( C Db D# E F# G A Bb C’ )
  • Super Locrian ( C Db Eb Fb Gb Ab Bb C’ )

Most of the above scales are available as an individual book from my QuickStart Series of Scale and Arpeggio Fingering series books.

QuickStart Scale & Arpeggio Fingerings are a highly organized, efficient system of scale and arpeggio fingerings. Each fingering pattern is shown with a fingerboard shape, TAB and standard music notation. Related chords are also explained for each scale.

Master these fingerings and unlock your potential for improvisation.

Whether your interest is in Blues, Rock, Jazz, Country or somewhere in between ant QuickStart Scale & Arpeggio Fingerings Series book is a valuable addition to your musical library.

* There is some overlap with these essential scale, with some just alternate names for the same set of notes.

DERIVED SCALES - From these essential jazz scales other scales can be derived for use in the jazz idiom.

The Blues

The Blues - a progression, a scale, a felling. The blues is at the heart of all American music. IT's found it's way into rock, country, folk. R&B and Jazz. It's a great vehicle to explore jazz.

The Mixolydian Scale and the Blues

The Mixolydian scale, sometimes called the Dominant scale is a great place to start when learning to soloing in more advanced jazz styles. This is a great “bridge” scale widely used in the blues, rock, and R&B styles. It's a great scale to get your feet wet with when exploring jazz.

The Mixolydian scale is created by lowering the seventh scale degree of a major scale one half step. This gives the Mixolydian scale a formula of (1 2 3 4 5 6 b7 8).

The Blues is the most common song form in music and can easily be “jazzed” up with 4-part chords .

In Jazz we can base a lot of the scales that we'll ever need from the Major (Ionion) and Natural Minor (Aeolian) scales. From theses two scales you can create the essential scales you need in jazz styles.

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Just browsing over both books, they look fantastic! I'm a guitarist and uke player for over 25 years and was thinking about writing a ukulele book but you've already written what I think are the best, most comprehensive and thorough books I've ever seen for the instrument. I just might end up buying every book you've written and I'll be giving my highest recommendation for your books to my friends and students. Thank you so much for taking the time to write such great books!Peter Rhee

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