Learning Ukulele with Curt

Jazz Ukulele: The Art of Playing Melody and Chords at the Same Time

The Art of Playing Melody and Chords at the Same Time

Ukulele-SoloChord Melody or Melody and Chord is the art of playing the melody and chords at the same time with there. Solo piano players do this all the time. They have two hands to do it, ten fingers and 88 keys (notes) available.. On the ukulele, we have to do it all with one hand and only four strings. In the common High G, C Tuning, the available range of notes for creating melody and chord arrangements on a ukulele is around two octaves, give or take a few notes. A little more on the lower end for a Low G, C Tuning.

Crafting Melody and Chord Arrangements

Guidelines for creating melody and chord arrangements on ukulele.

Creating Melody and Chord Arrangements, in theory are as simple as harmonizing the melody with additional note. It can be a simple as finding a chord that has the melody as the top note of the chord voicing. In practice, it's a little more involved, but not much more.

A few things you should know before starting:

  • Naturally you need the Melody. After that, off we go …
  • The notes of the Ukulele Fingerboard and what they look like in Standard Music Notation. TAB will NOT help with this. Knowing, and I mean REALLY knowing the possible names of each note of the ukulele fingerboard is on of the most liberating musical bits of knowledge that you 'll kick your self from note tacking a long time a go. Hunt and Pecking for notes is just not to way to tackle this.
  • The ability to identify the notes and chord intervals chords. Chord Spelling , A C major chord is C E G, the root, third and fifth of a C major scale. A G7 chord is G B D F, the root, third, fifth and flat seven of a G major scale.

Melody and Chord Guidelines

A few tip, tricks and guidelines for creating melody and chord arrangements

• You do not have to play a chord for every melody note. Chords can also be before or after the melody.

Example from the Beatles classic Yesterday .

• Play a chord for dotted quarter notes and longer *.

Example from Red River Calley .

• Play a chord when there is a chord change.

• Add melody notes if needed and wanted.

• If the melody is an arpeggio, play as single notes and sustain the notes to create the chord.

Example from Red River Valley .

Example from Georgia .

• If only one melody note is changing in a chord, play the changed note while sustaining the previous unchanged notes of the chord.

Example from the Beatles classic Yesterday .

• Change all diminished triads to dim 7th 4-part chords.

This has universally been done for a long, long time, especially with Jazz. I tell player that you most likely strummed a Diminished chord. They where all Diminished 7th chords. Even the chord grids for a diminished chord shown a DIminished 7 chord.

• Augmented triads to can be played as a 7#5.

• Do not avoid the effectiveness of triads. You can create a 4-part chord from a triad by lowering the root the correct number of steps for a maj7 , m7 , major 6 , minor 6

• Use chord substitutions to fit the style.

Example from Autumn Leaves

The original chord for this measure is the I chord of the key ( Bbmaj7 ). A III chord, a diatonic sub is substituted and its V chord added. Also creates a nice chromatic movement the IV chord.

• Look for places for Parallel , Oblique , Similar and Contrary motion in your chord voicings.

Double Stops , octaves, intervals, arpeggios, sequences and chord scales.

• Use the principles of Voice Leading

• Chromatic Passing Chords and Fills

Close Chord Voicings . The re-entrant tuning of the ukulele gives you this automatically.

• Incorporate open strings into chord voicings

• Use Free form chord voicings.

A Free Form Chord is a chord that does not fall into the open position, movable form or 4-part chord categories.

Alterations, upper partials (chord extensions) and substitutions. Root to 9, b9, #9, third to 11, #11, fifth to 13, b5, #5 to fit the style

• Alterations should not change the chords harmonic function.

Embellishments – slurs, hammer-ons, pull-offs, tremelo, etc...

Idiomatic cliches – These are things such a bends and glissandos (slides) in blues.

Alternate chord voicings – A melody of a ninth can be harmonized by raising the root of a chord two frets or lowering the third of a minor chord one fret and the third of a major seventh or seventh chord two frets.

• A melody of an eleventh can be harmonized by raising the third of a minor chord two frets and the third of a major seventh or seventh chord one fret. Or, lowering the fifth of a seventh, minor seventh or major seventh chord two frets.

• Learn the critical notes of a chord such as the thirds and sevenths of major, minor, and sevenths chords. Without these notes, in the chord you lose the essence of the harmony.

• The two most critical notes are the melody and the seventh of a chord.

• Leaving out the root and fifth of a chord implies 5, 6, and 7 part harmony is very useful on an instrument such as the ukulele.

Intros , Endings and Interludes equal an arrangement.

• Theme, variations and re-harmonization.

Fake Books

A Fake Book is a music book that shows the melody and chords for a song only and is called a lead sheet, and a musician is responsible for creating their arrangement. Long ago this was called ”faking” a song.

Here are a few of the fake books that I have and use a lot for repertoire.

The Real Books

Several of these are available right here on LearningUkulele.com Books

The Real Books are the best-selling jazz books of all time. Since the 1970s, musicians have trusted these volumes to get through every gig, night after night. The problem is that the books were illegally produced and distributed, without any regard to copyright law, or royalties paid to the composers who created these musical masterpieces. Hal Leonard presented the first legitimate and legal editions of these books ever produced. These are the same as the original books without the errors.

There are now multiple versions of the The Real Book as well as versions with Vocals, Pop, Rock, Blues, Christmas songs. There is even a The Real Pop Book, The Real Rock Book, The Real R&B Book, The Country Book

And don't forget the Daily Uke Books by Jim Beloff.

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