Upper Partial Chord Tones

The 9th, 11th, and 13ths of a chord.

Published: Jan 2, 2005 Updated: Feb 3, 2017

ukulele | Subjects: intermediateadvancedjazzchords

Upper Partials or extensions are the 9th, 11th, and 13ths of a chord. The 9, 11 and 13 can be altered chord tones depending on the type: examples b9, #9, #11, b13.

These numbers, the 9, 11 and 13 refer to the scale tone/chord tone relative to the major scale used for building all chords.

At this stage of your development, you should know the notes of the fingerboard and have a core foundation of 4-part chords, a.k.a."Jazz" chords and can create these on the fly if they're not already part of your core music vocabulary.

A simple rule to remember is that a ninth (9th) chord is created by raising the root of ANY chord a whole step.


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