Getting Started with `Ukulele - Lesson Four

PUBLISHED: Oct 31, 2013 • UPDATED: Jul 25, 2014 • LESSON CODE: ULB01-wk-4 • VISITS: 20

ukulele Subjects: beginner

Getting Started with `Ukulele - Lesson Four

For lesson four we'll add and build on the lessons and material from lesson three.

In week four you'll learn the following:

NOTE: Although these lessons are presented as a weekly series you can and should take as long as you like to master each week's lesson as there is a lot of material in each lesson in the series.

The individual lessons in this series are viewable from the Lessons button bar above.

The Fingerboard - Secondary Key Fret (2)

On to the frets that have only one sharp. Frets (2) and (10)

From this week’s fret (2) A D F# B you get fret (3) A# D# G C and the fret (1) Ab Db F Bb..

Technique - Four Finger - Four Note Fingering Drills

The Ukulele Gymnastics series contains quite a few lessons for developing your finger strength and independence of the fretting hand. The fretting hand is responsible for playing chords and single notes. The fretting hand and plucking hand are responsible for getting the music out.

Secondary Chords - Key of G

Continuing with the common of key of G major and adding to the primary chords G, C, D and D7 from last week’s lessons. We can add the secondary chords Am, Bm and Em.

Common Progressions - Key of G

With the primary and secondary chords in the key of G.

Core Strumming Pattern Two

This is the second of the four core strumming patterns. Theses are some of the most famous strumming patterns used.

Understanding Chromatic Intervals

Last week’s lesson explored Diatonic intervals. This week explores Chromatic intervals.


End of Lesson - Thanks, Hope You Enjoyed It!

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Learning the Fingerboard, C Tuning - Fret (2) • Updated: Feb 18, 2013

There is nothing that returns more value when learning a fretted musical instrument like the ukulele than really, and I mean really knowing the names of the notes of the fingerboard. This is not the same as learning to read music — but simply knowing the name of any note on the fingerboard.b

Fret (2) is a Secondary Key fret. From the key and secondary key frets, adjacent frets can be memorized relative to that fret.

Fret (2) is the same as the open strings in D Tuning.

Secondary Chords - G Major • Updated: Feb 8, 2013

The secondary chords for any major key are the II, III and VI chords of it’s corresponding major scale. For G Major the secondary chords are: Am, Bm and Em

From the primary and secondary chords of a major key countless songs and chords progressions can be played.

Common Chord Progressions for the Key of G • Updated: Feb 15, 2013

Common chord progressions for the key of G. Using the primary and seconday chords for the key explore these common chord progressions for the key of G.

Four Famous Core `Ukulele Strums - Pattern - Pattern Two • Updated: Jan 31, 2013

For ukulele there are four core, basic strums that will get you started. This is the second of the four core patterns.

Enharmonic Equivalents • Updated: Feb 13, 2020

An Enharmonic Equivalent is where a musical pitch can have different names depending on the context in which it is functioning. An example is G# produces the same pitch as Ab.

Four Finger-Four Note Basic Single String Fingering Drills for `Ukulele • Updated: Oct 20, 2015

To play the ukulele effectively, your fingers need physical strength, agility, flexibility, and coordination. These four finger-four note drills are designed to get your fretting hand in shape.

Understanding Chromatic Intervals • Updated: Dec 14, 2018

An interval is the distance between two notes. An interval has a name and a type. Chromatic Intervals are NOT taken from a major scale. They are derived from the diatonic intervals.

Related Books

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A Guide to Ukulele Strums
Updated: Apr 11, 2019

Learning the Ukulele Fingerboard - C Tuning
Updated: Apr 19, 2017

Ukulele- Reading Music Series - Primer
Updated: Jan 3, 2020

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Types of Chords Available on Ukulele
Updated: Feb 18, 2020

The types of chords possible on ukulele include open position chords, movable form chords, 4-part chords, a.k.a. jazz chords and free from chords.

Open Position Chords

These are the basic first chords most players learn. There're the chords in the first one, two, three and fours frets of the ukulele and include at least one open string.

Basic Movable Form Chords

Sometimes called "barre" chords, these chords are the basic open position chords that venture beyond the third fret and do not include open strings.

4-part Contemporary Chords, a.k.a. Jazz Chords

Beyond basic open position chords and basic movable form chords these are the core set of 4-part chords that are used to build ALL your contemporary, more advanced chords. Commonly called "Jazz" chords these are the chords where the knowing how principles of how chords are constructed and your knowledge of the names of the notes of the ukulele fingerboard offer the most benefit to using and expanding your chord vocabulary. From these core chords you can create all those crazy named chords such as: 9#11, 7#5-9, 13b5, 7+9 - and on the fly as needed.

Free Form Chords

Free Form chords are those chords that do not fall into one of the above categories. They typically don't show up in chord dictionaries or software programs. You can create these chords when you know the notes of the ukulele fingerboard, know how chords are constructed and know the names of the notes the chord and the intervals that make up the chord.

Traditional and Contemporary Triads

Somewhere in the mix of the above four chord categories, triads should be explored. Triads are the foundation of most chords. They are amazing versatile chords that can be used harmonically as chords or melodically in solos. The student and the type of music determines

A triad is a three note chord. In traditional chord theory there are four traditional triad chord types: major, minor, diminished and augmented. And four contemporary triad chord types: sus2, sus4, add2 and add9.

Triads can be used harmonically, as chords and melodically, as single notes. Triads are a great way to get started with creating melodic solos and improvising.

In my personal and teaching experience triads are the first real challenging chords after the basic open position chords and movable basic chords. I personally found them even harder that the 4-part "jazz" chords.

Common Chord Progressions and Remembering Songs
Updated: Feb 18, 2020

Learning the similarities between chord progressions and songs helps you remember a lot of songs. There's a lot more in common between songs than one might think.

This series of lessons explores common chord progressions.

Remembering songs is lot like remembering the directions for a road trip. There are the turn-by-turn directions, road maps, signs and landmarks. Turn here, turn there, remember this and remember that landmark. With a songs it's the chords, the harmonic cells and form of the song.

With a few music tools and an understanding of the principles of how chords and chords progressions work. You can start unraveling what's going on in a song. There's a lot more in common between songs than you might think. Each song has it's own direction, signs and landmarks.

Harmonic Analysis for Scale and Chord Selection
Updated: Feb 18, 2020

Harmonic Analysis is the process used to determine the harmonic function of chords within a chord progression or song. A chord progression is defined as a sequence of chords, each chord has a root and is a particular chord type. The relationship of a chord's to a scale determines its function within that scale's tonality.

This series of lessons are extracted from my book for use with individual private and on-line students-members.

Basic Ukulele Chords Charts
Updated: Feb 18, 2020

Not so much a series - but the basic chords ALL ukulele players should know.

Basic Ukulele Chords Charts - As much as I preach the need to not have to rely on chords charts. When you're first learning the ukulele and chords these charts are a real help - just not long a term alternative to actually knowng your chords, where they come from and how to create them when needed.

Modular Phonetic Rhythm by Chuck Anderson
Updated: Feb 18, 2020

Modular Phonetic Rhythm represents a significant advance in the teaching and application of rhythm. Eliminating many inefficient aspects of rhythm education, Modular Phonetic Rhythm streamlines the traditional educational approach, resulting in a reflexive reaction to rhythm.

Key Signatures - G Major
Updated: Feb 18, 2020

The key of G major-E minor.

Cover the primary and secondary chords and common chord progressions.

Getting Started Series of `Ukulele Lessons
Updated: Feb 18, 2020

This series of lessons is intended to take a beginning ukulele player, just Getting Started through the basics. Your goal, as well as mine, is to help you create a solid foundation for future learning and development with this fun, cool instrument - the `ukulele. This series of lessons are also a great refresher for all players who've been playing for awhile or are in a position to offer assistance or advice to fellow players.

Spend at least one week, if not more on the material presented in each lesson. Each one builds on the previous series of lessons. Take as much time as needed with each task. Skipping or rushing through will only come back to haunt you later down the road. You miss a lot when taking shortcuts or skipping around.

Suggesting and recommending lessons to visitors and players that haven’t had the benefit of a one-on-one personal evaluation with me is a bit of a challenge. Just as any one book does not address anyone player and their needs, a series of lessons has to be somewhat generic and cover a lot of material. Think of each set of lessons as a menu of choices.

They're over 600 currently available lessons online and counting for ukulele that I’ve created over the years. If you don’t see a particular topic or specific task you’re looking for I probably have something here or can create a lesson to address your needs.

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Basic Ukulele Chord Chart
Updated: May 11, 2019

A chart of the most common ukulele chords in the most common keys of C, G, D, A, and E.

Ukulele Fingerboard Chart for C Tuning, Low or High G
Updated: May 11, 2019

Ukulele Fingerboard Chart for C Tuning, Low or High G.


Members Only
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Ukulele Fingerboard Chart for D Tuning, Low or High A
Updated: Dec 31, 2016

Ukulele Fingerboard Chart for D Tuning, Low or High DG. Shows natural, sharp and flat notes for the ukulele fingerboard. This tuning can be used on a soprano, concert or tenor ukulele.


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Open Position Flash Cards for Ukulele C Tuning
Updated: Dec 31, 2016

Standard music notation flash chards for learning the notes in open position for C tuning.

Movable 7th Chords for Ukulele Chord Chart - C Tuning
Updated: Dec 31, 2016

A handy dandy single sheet chart showing the each voicing of the four, seventh chords Big Six seventh chord voicings.


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Key Signatures - Cycle of Fourths and Fifths
Updated: Oct 14, 2019

A handy reference chart of all 15 major and relative minor key signatues.


Members Only
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