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Getting Started with `Ukulele - Lesson Six

PUBLISHED: Oct 31, 2013 UPDATED: Nov 3, 2013VIEWS: 53 • LESSON CODE: ULB01-wk-6

Instruments: ukulele Subjects: beginner

Getting Started with `Ukulele - Lesson Six

For Lessons Six we'll add and build on the lesson and material from lesson five.

In lessons six you'll learn to following:

  • Review of the Key Fret Concept for learning the ukulele fingerboard
  • Four Finger, Single Note, Single String Fingering Drill Variations
  • Primary Chords - Key of A (A, D and E)
  • Common Chord Progressions for A Major
  • Core Strumming Pattern Four
  • Melodic Ear Training

NOTE: Although these lessons are presented as a weekly series, you can and should take as long as you like to master each week's lesson as there is a lot of material in each lesson in the series.

The individual lessons in this series are viewable from the Lessons button bar above.

The Fingerboard - Key Frets Review

After memorizing the key frets: open strings, fret (5) and fret (7). And the secondary key frets: fret (2) and fret (10). Go back and review and memorize the frets from string one to string four.

Know the notes of the neck needs to be second nature and instant recal. This is one are of learning the ukulele that you don't even need to have the ukulele with you and can be done any time.

Technique - Next Steps

After the basic one, two, three and four finger single string finger gymnastics. The next phase can open be determined by addressing and observing your current technique. Without this direct one-on-one observation there are several route that you can take. Either repeating notes, open strings, developing your barre, double stops or exploring the moving the basic four finger-four frets default fingering position around the fingerboard.

Moving the four fret, four finger position around the fingerboard is all about the Six Finger Principles from The Six Secrets of Ukulele Fingering which explores the basic, slide, pass, contraction, stretch and leap fingering principles.

Primary Chords - A Major

The key of A major is on of the common keys that include C, G, D, A and E.

As we learned in week one’s lessons - the primary chords are the three major chords that are the main chords of the key. The primary chords create the tension and resolution in music that gives a chord progression emotion – a feeling of rest and resolution or constance and dissonance.

Learn the A, D, E and E7 open position chords. With these four chords you can play countless songs in the key of A major.

Using the Quarter Note Strum and Quarter Note Strum - Variations and focus on switching between A, D, E, and E7.

Ultimately any chord can go an any chord so practice all the following combinations:

This will cover all possible connections. Practice switching at a SLOW tempo and slowly increase the tempo as you get comfortable with the chords.

Visualize the next chord while you are on the current chord.

With these Three Chords you can play a lot of songs.

Common Progressions - Key of A

With the primary and secondary chords in the key of A.

Core Strumming Pattern Four

This is the last of the four core strumming patterns. Theses are some of the most famous strumming patterns used - this one in particular is very popular.

Melodic Ear Training

Now that you know a bit about intervals, it’s time to start and recognize them by ear. This is where you can truly start to learn to Play by Ear

Functional pitch recognition involves identifying the function or role of a single pitch in the context of an established tonic. Once a tonic has been established, each subsequent pitch may be classified without direct reference to accompanying pitches. For example, once the tonic G has been established, listeners may recognize that the pitch D plays the role of the dominant in the key of G. No reference to any other pitch is required to establish this fact.

End of Lesson - Thanks, Hope You Enjoyed It!

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Learning the `Ukulele Fingerboard - C Tuning, Key Frets • Updated: Feb 7, 2020

The open strings and frets (5) and (7), with only natural notes in C tuning are somewhat easy to memorize. These can be considered Key frets.

Four Famous Core `Ukulele Strums - Pattern - Pattern Four • Updated: Jan 31, 2013

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Ear Training • Updated: Oct 21, 2017

Ear Training is the development of the active and passive capability to relate to music aurally. This includes the ability to recognize melodic and harmonic intervals, chords, chords progressions, rhythm, melody, and harmony.

Repeating Note Single String Fingering Drills • Updated: Feb 26, 2013

Building on the single note 1, 2, 3, and 4 finger basic gymnastics. Now with a repeating note or two. This series of lessons although the examples are shown for ukulele are appropriate for any fretted string instrument like guitar, banjo or mandolin.

Chord Switching - Double Stops • Updated: Apr 27, 2014

Switching chords are all about finger independence and working together. This can be developed using the double stop fingering drills presented in this lesson.

double stop is a term borrowed from violin technique where you are stopping two strings or two notes - an interval.

Double Stop Chordal Drills

These series of drills develop finger independence and finger co-operation in pairs. The term double stop is borrowed from the violin string family and simply means that two notes are _stopped_ and sound together.

Adjacent String Pairs Fingering Drills • Updated: Mar 9, 2017

Building on the one, two, three and four finger finger gymnastics, these adjacent strings drills add a change of direction to the exercises.

Primary Chords - A Major • Updated: Feb 8, 2013

<p>The primary chords for any major key are the <b>I</b>, <b>IV</b> and <b>V</b> chords of its corresponding major scale. For A Major the primary chords are: <b>A</b>, <b>D</b>, <b>E</b> and <b>E7</b></p> <p>From the primary and secondary chords of a major key countless songs and chords progressions can be played.</p>

Related Books

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Ukulele- Reading Music Series - Primer
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Learn to read single note melodies in the first/open position. It is a lot easier than you might think with this step-by-step easy to use approach. Tunings: C with low or high G - (GCEA or gCEA).

A Guide to Ukulele Strums
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Learn a variety of strums and rhythmic patterns in wide range of musical styles. One of the first skills a ukulele player learns is the art and craft of strumming, playing rhythm. This refers to an accompaniment technique suitable for the singer, singer - songwriter or someone who plays a support role for another instrument.

Learning the Ukulele Fingerboard - C Tuning
Updated: Apr 19, 2017

Finally, learn the names of the notes of the fingerboard. Learning the notes of your instrument allows you the flexibility of not having to remember so many shapes. There are simply way too many chords, scale and notes patterns, and shapes to remember. It all comes down the notes.

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Related Lesson Series

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Common Chord Progressions and Remembering Songs Updated: Jan 1, 2003

Learning the similarities between chord progressions and songs helps you remember a lot of songs. There's a lot more in common between songs than one might think.

Harmonic Analysis for Scale and Chord Selection Updated: Jan 1, 2003

Harmonic Analysis is the process used to determine the harmonic function of chords within a chord progression or song. A chord progression is defined as a sequence of chords, each chord has a root and is a particular chord type. The relationship of a chord's to a scale determines its function within that scale's tonality.

Basic Ukulele Chords Charts Updated: Jan 1, 2003

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Jazz Standard Chord Progressions Updated: Jan 1, 2003

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Modular Phonetic Rhythm by Chuck Anderson Updated: Jan 1, 2003

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Key Signatures - A Major Updated: Jan 1, 2003

The key of A major-F# minor.

Cover the primary and secondary chords and common chord progressions.

Getting Started Series of `Ukulele Lessons Updated: Jan 1, 2003

This series of lessons is intended to take a beginning ukulele player, just Getting Started through the basics. Your goal, as well as mine, is to help you create a solid foundation for future learning and development with this fun, cool instrument - the ukulele. This series of lessons are also a great refresher for all players who've been playing for awhile or are in a position to offer assistance or advice to fellow players.

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Ukulele Fingerboard Chart for C Tuning, Low or High G. Shows natural, sharp and flat notes for the ukulele fingerboard. This tuning can be used on a soprano, concert, tenor and baritone ukuleles.

Basic Ukulele Chord Chart Updated: May 11, 2019

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