Getting Started with `Ukulele - Lesson Three

Published: Oct 31, 2013 Updated: Apr 11, 2019 • Visitors: 52 • Page Views: 1

ukulele Subjects: beginner

For lesson three we'll add and build on the lessons and material from lesson two.

In week three you'll learn the following:

  • Learning the Fingerboard, Key Fret (7)
  • Primary Chords for G Major (G, C, and D)
  • Common Chord Progressions for G Major
  • Three Finger - Three Note Fingering Drills
  • Core Strumming Pattern One
  • Understanding Intervals

NOTE Although these lessons are presented as a weekly series you can and should take as long as you like to master each week's lesson as there is a lot of material in each lessons in the series.

The lessons in this series are viewable from the Series button bar above.

Learning the Fingerboard, Key Key Fret (7)

You might have noticed that the Fingerboard lesson is always the first topic we cover in each week’s lesson – it is that important.

The third of the key frets with no sharp or flat notes - only natural notes is fret (7) is D G B E from strings four to one. If you are coming to ukulele from guitar you might recognize these as the names of the thin four strings of a standard tuned guitar.

From this weeks fret (7) D G B E you get fret (8) D# G# C F and the fret (6) Db Gb Bb Eb.. We also go Fret (6) from fret (5) in week two’s lesson. Each fret on the ukulele can have more than one name depending on the context the note is being used. For the purpose of names the notes any correct name if fine.

Technique - Three Finger - Three Note Fingering Drills

The Ukulele Gymnastics series contains quite a few lessons for developing your finger strength and independence of the fretting hand. The fretting hand is responsible for playing chords and single notes. The fretting hand and plucking hand are responsible for getting the music out.

Primary Chords - G Major

The key of G major is on of the common keys that include C, G, D, A and E. For guitar G is really common and a comfortable singing key for most males.

As we learned in week one’s lessons - the primary chords are the three major chords that are the main chords of the key. The primary chords create the tension and resolution in music that gives a chord progression emotion – a feeling of rest and resolution or constance and dissonance.

Learn the G, C, D and D7 open position chords. With these four chords you can play countless songs in the key of G major.

Using the Quarter Notes strum and focus on switching between G, A, D and D7.

Ultimately any chord can go an any chord so practice all the following combinations:

This will cover all possible connections. Practice switching at a SLOW tempo and slowly increase the tempo as you get comfortable with the chords.

Visualize the next chord while you are on the current chord.

With these three chords you can play a lot of songs. Try a few of the ones listed below.

Core Strumming Pattern One

After the basic Quarter Note strum there are four core strumming patterns that can get you started. These are four of the most used strums in contemporary music.

This is the first of the four core strumming patterns. Theses are some of the most famous strumming patterns used.

Understanding Intervals

An intervals is simply the distance from one single note to another single note. They have and name and distance.


Related Lessons

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Enharmonic Equivalents

An Enharmonic Equivalent is where a musical pitch can have different names depending on the context in which it is functioning. An example is G# produces the same pitch as Ab.

Learning the Fingerboard, C Tuning - Fret (7)

There is nothing that returns more value when learning a fretted musical instrument like the ukulele than really, and I mean really knowing the names of the notes of the fingerboard. This is not the same as learning to read music — but simply knowing the name of any note on the fingerboard.

Learning the Fingerboard, C Tuning - Derived Frets from Key Frets

From the Key frets in C tuning you get the next higher frets for FREE.

Primary Chords - G Major

The primary chords for any major key are the I, IV and V chords of its corresponding major scale. For G Major the primary chords are: G, C, D and D7

Common Chord Progressions for the Key of G

Common chord progressions for the key of G. Using the primary and seconday chords for the key explore these common chord progressions for the key of G.

Three Finger-Three Note Basic Single String Fingering Drills for `Ukulele

To play the ukulele effectively, your fingers need physical strength, agility, flexibility and coordination. This three finger-three note drill is designed to get your fretting hand in shape.

Understanding Diatonic Intervals

An interval is the distance between two notes. An interval has a name and a type. Intervals can be played one note (melodic) or two notes (harmonic) at a time, ascending or descending.

Fingering an Open Postion D Major `Ukulele Chord

There are several ways to finger an open position D major chord. Depending on the context of how it's being used, one fingering might be better than another.

Related Lesson Files, Resources and Assets

Related Assets for Getting Started with `Ukulele - Lesson Three at this time.

Basic Ukulele Chord Chart

A chart of the most common ukulele chords in the most common keys of C, G, D, A, and E.

Ukulele Fingerboard Chart for C Tuning, Low or High G

Ukulele Fingerboard Chart for C Tuning, Low or High G.


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Related Lesson Books

Related Books for Getting Started with `Ukulele - Lesson Three at this time.

Learning the Ukulele Fingerboard - C Tuning

Finally, learn the names of the notes of the fingerboard. Learning the notes of your instrument allows you the flexibility of not having to remember so many shapes. There are simply way too many chords, scale and notes patterns, and shapes to remember. It all comes down the notes.

A Guide to Ukulele Strums

Learn a variety of strums and rhythmic patterns in wide range of musical styles.

Ukulele- Reading Music Series - Primer

Learn to read single note melodies in the first/open position. It is a lot easier than you might think with this step-by-step easy to use approach. Tunings: C with low or high G - (GCEA or gCEA).

Related Lesson Series

Related Lessons Series for Getting Started with `Ukulele - Lesson Three at this time.

Key Signatures - G Major

The key of G major-E minor.

Cover the primary and secondary chords and common chord progressions.

Types of Chords Available on Ukulele

The types of chords possible on ukulele include open position chords, movable form chords, 4-part chords, a.k.a. jazz chords and free from chords.

Open Position Chords

These are the basic first chords most players learn. There're the chords in the first one, two, three and fours frets of the ukulele and include at least one open string.

Basic Movable Form Chords

Sometimes called "barre" chords, these chords are the basic open position chords that venture beyond the third fret and do not include open strings.

4-part Contemporary Chords, a.k.a. Jazz Chords

Beyond basic open position chords and basic movable form chords these are the core set of 4-part chords that are used to build ALL your contemporary, more advanced chords. Commonly called "Jazz" chords these are the chords where the knowing how principles of how chords are constructed and your knowledge of the names of the notes of the ukulele fingerboard offer the most benefit to using and expanding your chord vocabulary. From these core chords you can create all those crazy named chords such as: 9#11, 7#5-9, 13b5, 7+9 - and on the fly as needed.

Free Form Chords

Free Form chords are those chords that do not fall into one of the above categories. They typically don't show up in chord dictionaries or software programs. You can create these chords when you know the notes of the ukulele fingerboard, know how chords are constructed and know the names of the notes the chord and the intervals that make up the chord.

Traditional and Contemporary Triads

Somewhere in the mix of the above four chord categories, triads should be explored. Triads are the foundation of most chords. They are amazing versatile chords that can be used harmonically as chords or melodically in solos. The student and the type of music determines

A triad is a three note chord. In traditional chord theory there are four traditional triad chord types: major, minor, diminished and augmented. And four contemporary triad chord types: sus2, sus4, add2 and add9.

Triads can be used harmonically, as chords and melodically, as single notes. Triads are a great way to get started with creating melodic solos and improvising.

In my personal and teaching experience triads are the first real challenging chords after the basic open position chords and movable basic chords. I personally found them even harder that the 4-part "jazz" chords.

Common Chord Progressions and Remembering Songs

Learning the similarities between chord progressions and songs helps you remember a lot of songs. There's a lot more in common between songs than one might think.

This series of lessons explores common chord progressions.

Remembering songs is lot like remembering the directions for a road trip. There are the turn-by-turn directions, road maps, signs and landmarks. Turn here, turn there, remember this and remember that landmark. With a songs it's the chords, the harmonic cells and form of the song.

With a few music tools and an understanding of the principles of how chords and chords progressions work. You can start unraveling what's going on in a song. There's a lot more in common between songs than you might think. Each song has it's own direction, signs and landmarks.

Harmonic Analysis for Scale and Chord Selection

Harmonic Analysis is the process used to determine the harmonic function of chords within a chord progression or song. A chord progression is defined as a sequence of chords, each chord has a root and is a particular chord type. The relationship of a chord's to a scale determines its function within that scale's tonality.

This series of lessons are extracted from my book for use with individual private and on-line students-members.

Basic Ukulele Chords Charts

Not so much a series - but the basic chords ALL ukulele players should know.

Basic Ukulele Chords Charts - As much as I preach the need to not have to rely on chords charts. When you're first learning the ukulele and chords these charts are a real help - just not long a term alternative to actually knowng your chords, where they come from and how to create them when needed.

Modular Phonetic Rhythm by Chuck Anderson

Modular Phonetic Rhythm represents a significant advance in the teaching and application of rhythm. Eliminating many inefficient aspects of rhythm education, Modular Phonetic Rhythm streamlines the traditional educational approach, resulting in a reflexive reaction to rhythm.

Getting Started Series of `Ukulele Lessons

This series of lessons is intended to take a beginning ukulele player, just Getting Started through the basics. Your goal, as well as mine, is to help you create a solid foundation for future learning and development with this fun, cool instrument - the `ukulele. This series of lessons are also a great refresher for all players who've been playing for awhile or are in a position to offer assistance or advice to fellow players.

Spend at least one week, if not more on the material presented in each lesson. Each one builds on the previous series of lessons. Take as much time as needed with each task. Skipping or rushing through will only come back to haunt you later down the road. You miss a lot when taking shortcuts or skipping around.

Suggesting and recommending lessons to visitors and players that haven’t had the benefit of a one-on-one personal evaluation with me is a bit of a challenge. Just as any one book does not address anyone player and their needs, a series of lessons has to be somewhat generic and cover a lot of material. Think of each set of lessons as a menu of choices.

They're over 600 currently available lessons online and counting for ukulele that I’ve created over the years. If you don’t see a particular topic or specific task you’re looking for I probably have something here or can create a lesson to address your needs.

Related Songs

Related Songs for Getting Started with `Ukulele - Lesson Three at this time.

Bingo

Bingo, also known as Bingo Was His Name-O_and _There Was a Farmer Who Had a Dog, is an English language children's song of obscure origin. In most modern forms, the song involves spelling the name of a dog, and with increasing letters replaced with handclaps on each repetition.

Brown Eyed Girl

Brown Eyed Girl is a song by Northern Irish singer-songwriter Van Morrison. Written and recorded in 1967 by Van Morrison and produced by Bang Records chief Bert Berns, it was first released in May 1967 on the album Blowin' Your Mind!. When released as a single, it rose to number eight on the Cashbox charts, and reached number ten on the Billboard Hot 100. It featured the Sweet Inspirations singing back-up vocals and is widely considered to be Van Morrison's signature song.

Red River Valley

Red River Valley is a folk song and cowboy music standard of controversial origins that has gone by different names—e.g., "Cowboy Love Song", "Bright Sherman Valley", "Bright Laurel Valley", "In the Bright Mohawk Valley", and "Bright Little Valley" — depending on where it has been sung.

Danny Boy

Danny Boy is a ballad written by Frederic Weatherly and usually set to the tune of the "Londonderry Air". It is most closely associated with Irish communities.

This Train

This Train (is Bound for Glory) by Woody Guthrie.

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