Major & Relative Minor Key Signatures

Published: 07 Apr 2013 Updated: 13 Feb 2020Visits: 123Code: UL09

INSTRUMENTS: Theory Main: Music Others: ANY Ukulele Guitar Harmonica
Subjects: Theory • Beginner

All 2 sample page(s) are viewable on-line.

If you are a registered site member, have verified your email address, and have the correct permissions you can view ALL the pages of this PDF or Samples pages at a larger size using the LearningUkulele.com Online PDF Viewer .

This Download is NOT part of your LearningUkulele.com membership level.

Sign-up for Premium Site Access or Upgrade Your Plan your current access level to download this PDF or your can purchase a copy for download.

After purchasing a PDF , a download link will be sent to you within 24hrs. Working on getting it to be automated.

Each PDF file is a formatted, high resolution file that prints out great. You'll need a PDF Reader or application capable of viewing PDF files to view the PDF.

Download the PDF file for the latest, complete, and most up-to-date version. As well as additional information not presented on-line.

Members and Active Students need to sign-in to download this lesson's PDF for the complete lesson.

Major & Relative Minor Key Signatures


A "Key Signature" is a series of sharp or flat symbols placed on the staff, designating the notes that are to be consistently played higher or lower than the equivalent natural notes. Key signatures are generally written immediately after the clef at the beginning of a line of musical notation. Each major and minor key has an associated key signature that sharpens or flattens the notes which are used in its scale.

Additional Content
Available for Premium Site Access Plans Only

Sorry, can't give it ALL away!

This content requires a Premium / Gold Access Plan or enrolled in the Study with Curt - On-line or Private Lesson Program.

To view additional content for this page you'll need to either Sign In or Register for or Upgrade to a Premium Site Access Plan.

Login or SignUp to View Content

In principle, any piece can be written with any key signature, using accidentals to correct any notes where it shouldn't apply. The purpose of the key signature is to minimize the number of such accidentals required to notate the music. The sequence of sharps or flats in key signatures is generally rigid in modern music notation. For example, if a key signature has only one sharp, it must be an F sharp.

The effect of a key signature continues throughout a piece or movement, unless explicitly canceled by another key signature. For example, if a five-sharp key signature is placed at the beginning of a piece, every A in the piece in any octave will be played as A sharp, unless preceded by an accidental.

  • This Key Signature circle is sometimes called the circle or cycle of fifths or fourths.
  • A sharp (♯) or flat is called an accidental.
  • Accidentals are not mixed in the major or minor key signatures.
  • Each successive key signature around the circle includes the previous key signature's accidentals.
  • The last sharp (♯) in a key signature is the letter right before the name of the major key. Example: The last sharp (♯) in G major key signature is F. (A B C D E F G A). The last sharp in E major key signature is D. (A B C D E F G A B)
  • The second to last flat (♭) for all flat keys except F is the key.
  • The order of sharps (♯) move in Perfect Fifths . The order of flats (♭) in move in Perfect Fourths .
  • The primary chords, the I , IV , and V chords of major keys are the chords to the left and right of the key signature. The IV chord is to the left along the circle and the chord is to the right along the circle.

Sign-IN — it's FREE — to view, un-blur this lesson.

Download the PDF file for the latest, complete, and most up-to-date version. As well as additional information not presented on-line.

End of Lesson - Thanks, Hope You Enjoyed It!

Related Lessons, Videos, Lesson Series, Songs, Books & Reference Charts, Resources & Assets, Workshops are below.

Related Lessons

Related Lessons for Major & Relative Minor Key Signatures.

ML-basic-12

Key Signatures and the Circle of Fifths and Fourths

Updated: 09 Jun 2023

Traditional key signatures provide a wealth of information that can enhance our understanding of music and its underlying principles.

ML-basic-11

The Major Scale

Updated: 02 Apr 2021

Called the "learning scale" for a reason. The major scale is a great scale for learning how music and chords work. It’s a core scale from which a majority of your core, essential scales can be derived. There are 15 major scales.

Related Lesson Series

Related Lessons Series for Major & Relative Minor Key Signatures.

Key Signatures - A Major

Updated: 09 Jun 2023

In this lesson series, we explore the key of A Major and its relative minor key, F#, including their primary and secondary chords, as well as a selection of common chord progressions.

Key Signatures - Ab Major

Updated: 09 Jun 2023

In this lesson series, we explore the key of Ab Major and its relative minor key, Fm, including their primary and secondary chords, as well as a selection of common chord progressions.

Key Signatures - B Major

Updated: 09 Jun 2023

In this lesson series, we explore the key of B Major and its relative minor key, G#, including their primary and secondary chords, as well as a selection of common chord progressions.

Key Signatures - Bb Major

Updated: 09 Jun 2023

In this lesson series, we explore the key of Bb Major and its relative minor key, Gm, including their primary and secondary chords, as well as a selection of common chord progressions.

Key Signatures - C Major

Updated: 08 Jun 2023

In this lesson series, we explore the key of A Major and its relative minor key, Am, including their primary and secondary chords, as well as a selection of common chord progressions.

Key Signatures - C# Major

Updated: 09 Jun 2023

In this lesson series, we explore the key of C# Major and its relative minor key, A#, including their primary and secondary chords, as well as a selection of common chord progressions.

Key Signatures - Cb Major

Updated: 09 Jun 2023

In this lesson series, we explore the key of Cb Major and its relative minor key, Abm, including their primary and secondary chords, as well as a selection of common chord progressions.

Key Signatures - D Major

Updated: 09 Jun 2023

In this lesson series, we explore the key of D Major and its relative minor key, Bm, including their primary and secondary chords, as well as a selection of common chord progressions.

Key Signatures - Db Major

Updated: 09 Jun 2023

In this lesson series, we explore the key of Db Major and its relative minor key, Bbm, including their primary and secondary chords, as well as a selection of common chord progressions.

Key Signatures - E Major

Updated: 01 Jan 2003

In this lesson series, we explore the key of E Major and its relative minor key, C#, including their primary and secondary chords, as well as a selection of common chord progressions.

Key Signatures - Eb Major

Updated: 09 Jun 2023

In this lesson series, we explore the key of Eb Major and its relative minor key, Cm, including their primary and secondary chords, as well as a selection of common chord progressions.

Key Signatures - F Major

Updated: 09 Jun 2023

In this lesson series, we explore the key of F Major and its relative minor key, Dm, including their primary and secondary chords, as well as a selection of common chord progressions.

Key Signatures - F# Major

Updated: 09 Jun 2023

In this lesson series, we explore the key of F# Major and its relative minor key, D#, including their primary and secondary chords, as well as a selection of common chord progressions.

Key Signatures - G Major

Updated: 09 Jun 2023

In this lesson series, we explore the key of G Major and its relative minor key, Em, including their primary and secondary chords, as well as a selection of common chord progressions.

Key Signatures - Gb Major

Updated: 09 Jun 2023

In this lesson series, we explore the key of Gb Major and its relative minor key, Ebm, including their primary and secondary chords, as well as a selection of common chord progressions.

Related Songs

Related Songs for Major & Relative Minor Key Signatures.

ANYSONG

Any Song Will Do

Updated: 07 Dec 2015

This is not really a song, but simply saying that for the purposes of a lot of the lessons and lesson series on this site ANY song will do for exploring the lesson's material and concepts presented in the lesson.

Related Books & Charts

Related Books for Major & Relative Minor Key Signatures.

RMA1

Harmonic Analysis for Scale Selection and Chord Substitution

Updated: 10 Jun 2021

Harmonic Analysis is the understanding of the functional sequence of chords. It is the process used to analyze the harmonic structure of a progression, song or composition. This analysis is then used to make scale selections for improvisation and chord substitution.

A Selection of Books & Reference Charts that are recommended for creating a solid foundation with your chosen instrument and music in general.

Books

Learning the Ukulele Fingerboard – C Tuning

Finally, learn the names of the notes of the fingerboard.

Six Secrets of Ukulele Fingering

Learn the six fingering principles to navigating the ukulele fingerboard. Fingering is one of the most universal topics.

Harmonic Analysis for Scale Selection and Chord Substitution

Harmonic Analysis is the understanding of the functional sequence of chords. It is the process used to analyze the harmonic structure of a progression, song or composition.

Ukulele – Reading Music Series – Primer

Learn to read single note melodies in the first/open position is a lot easier than you might think.

Daily Practice Material for the Contemporary Ukulele

An organized collection of daily practice and reference material for the contemporary ukulele player for developing the vocabulary and knowledge necessary for single note playing.

Checkout the Books for ALL available books.

Reference Charts

Ukulele Fingerboard Chart for C Tuning, Low or High G - G C E A

Ukulele Fingerboard Chart for C Tuning, Low or High G – G C E A

Ukulele Fingerboard Chart for G Tuning, Low or High A – D G B E

Ukulele Fingerboard Chart for G Tuning, Low or High A – D G B E

Key Signatures — Circle of Fourths and Fifths – ANSI A & A4 sizes

A handy reference chart of all 15 major and relative minor key signatures. US Letter 8.5 x 11 sized (ANSI-A) , A4

Checkout the Books for additional Handy, Dandy Reference Charts.

Related Lesson Files, Resources and Assets

Related Assets for Major & Relative Minor Key Signatures.

WEB_CONTENT_ONLY

Key Signatures - Cycle of Fourths and Fifths

Updated: 14 Oct 2019

A handy reference chart of all 15 major and relative minor key signatues. US Letter 8.5 x 11 sized.

ML-basic-12-A4

Key Signatures - Cycle of Fourths and Fifths - A4 Sized

Updated: 14 Oct 2019

A handy reference chart of all 15 major and relative minor key signatues. A4 sized.

Site Access Plans for LearningUkulele.com

Forever Access - With Forever Premium Access, you get ALL the benefits of a Premium Access Subscription such as Unlimited 24/7 access to ALL lessons, downloads, songs, play-along jam tracks, videos, email access to Curt, resources, related assets, and ALL books by Curt as FREE downloads. Pretty much everything on the site, and NEVER worry about a subscription or surprise payment again. And jump the queue for responding to any questions.

If you're anything like me (Curt) and getting Subscription overloaded with everything and everybody on-line wanting money from you once a month — I'm with you. For like-minded individuals, this forever plan is a pay once, and you're done.

The price for Unlimited Forever access is right around the cost of a few months of private lessons. I can guarantee there is more than enough material on-line to keep you busy for a long, long time. And, you get all of my books for FREE. That alone is more than the cost of this plan.

Premium Access - This premium gives you Unlimited 24/7 access to ALL lessons, downloads, songs, play-along jam tracks, videos, email access to Curt, resources and related assets. As well as ALL books by Curt Sheller as FREE downloads.

Basic Access - A limited selection of basic lessons — ( currently over 140 ) and 100+ songs for ukulele as well as basic general music reference material — Completely FREE — Simply Register/Signup. HOWEVER - I've been doing ukulele and LearningUkulele.com since 2003 and probably have given too much away already - as reflected in my income from the site in relationship to the time spent on the site. So help support this site and its continued development by signing up for one of the below Premium Access Plans or buy a few of my books. - Thanks, Curt

NOTE: Each higher access level includes ALL the benefits of the lower levels. Private Lessons include all the benefits of a Premium Access Plans as long as you remain a student on the schedule.

Just browsing over both books, they look fantastic! I'm a guitarist and uke player for over 25 years and was thinking about writing a ukulele book but you've already written what I think are the best, most comprehensive and thorough books I've ever seen for the instrument. I just might end up buying every book you've written and I'll be giving my highest recommendation for your books to my friends and students. Thank you so much for taking the time to write such great books!Peter Rhee

Aloha, Curt, All I can say is WOW! What you have accomplished is simply incredible! All the bestGlen Hirabayashi, The Aloha Boys

Folks, if you haven't stopped by Curt's site, do so right now! ..And get his books, they are fantastic. This guy knows his stuff and is able to pass it along too.Alan Johnson Proprietor, The 4th Peg

I can highly recommend Curt's Uke books — I have four of them and they are excellent.fatveg — Portland

Want to drop LearningUkulele.com & Learning Ukulele with Curt a nice comment . We always like to know how we are and you are doing. We'll post any comment, quotes throughout the site and you can help spread the word .

Thanks for visiting and checking out the site!

curtieAnim.gif rw.vg.gif

Original Curtie Animation from 1987 for my first web site on a Macintosh II, 37 years ago. Man, does time fly.

“Built for myself (Curt), and sharing with the `Ukulele community!”

LearningUkulele.com has one of the largest collections of lessons, songs, and TABS, Luthiers, ukulele builders, ukulele festival and club information, and, ukulele links on the web. Curt has been on the ®Internet since the early 1990's and This site just never stops growing!!!

Content is added and updated daily — so check back often. I really do need to get out more ;-)

Love LearningUkulele.com? • Show your support!
Support development via a monthly membership or a one-time forever membership!