Open position D7 and its movable form and variations - Sevenths, Major Sevenths, Minor Sevenths, Diminished, Augmented chords sus and add chords.
This is actually a partial D7 chord - sometimes referred to as the Hawai'ian D7.
Turns out you don't actually need all the notes of a chord present to get the essence of a chord. All you really need are the chord tones that are directly responsible for creating the color or characteristic sound of the chord. For a seventh chord all you really need are the 3rd and 7th (flat 7) of the chord to create the characteristic sound of the chord. The third and seventh are the color tones of the chord with the root and fifth the power tones.
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Checkout the Learn a Chord a Day lessons for Open Position D7 for all the information you can get from a chord.
Chord Tones – D F# A C
The chord tones of a D7 chord are the 1st, 3rd, 5th, and flatted 7th scale degrees of the D Major Scale ( D E F# G A B C# D' ) .
- 1 – the Root or letter name of D7 is D
- 3 – the third of D7 is F#
- 5 – the fifth of D7 is A
- b7 – the flat seventh of D7 is C
Transposing Movable Form Chords
These lessons use the root of a chord to transpose to different keys.
Determine what string the root is on or would be on if not present (perceived root) in the chord's voicing.
Chord Transposition Chart
This transposition chart can be used for any chord where the root, or letter name of the chord is on the C string .
The root is on string 3, the C string.
Use the Root or perceived root of the chord to transpose to different keys.
A larger sized transposition chart is available in the Ukulele Chords book. This is the book these expanded chord lessons are based on.
This voicing does not contain the root of the chord. This is OK as the root or fifth of a 7th chord does not have to be present to get the color of the chord.
The chord tones come from the scale degrees of a major scale based on the root of the chord. Generically a seventh chord's chord tones are the 1, 3, 5, b7 scale degrees of a major scale and in the case of a D7 chord the chord tones are: D, F#, G, C. And specifically for the D7 voicing of this lesson the chord tones are: A, C, F#, A (Root is not present in this voicing)
The chord has a perceived root on string three can used for transposition purposes.
Movable Chord Forms
Movable chord forms are chords containing no open strings. These chords can be transposed to different keys by moving each note of the chord the same number of frets up and down the neck.
Movable form chords allow you to play in any key and transpose chords, progressions, and songs to any key. From basic movable form chords, more advanced chords can be created.
The functional range of a movable chord depends on the ukulele's size (soprano, concert, or tenor), the number of frets to the body (10, 12, 14, etc.) and whether you have a cut-away for access to higher frets. Not all chords can be transposed a complete octave (12 frets).
Movable form chords can be used along with open-position chords. As you learn more movable form chords, you'll have a variety of alternate voicings for any given chord.
Movable form chords can be transposed up and down the fingerboard using the root of the chord and a transposition chart, or through knowledge of the names of the notes on the fingerboard.
Misnamed 7th Chords
Seventh chords are often misnamed as dominant seventh chords.
Whether a chord is a Dominant chord refers the its harmonic function within the chord progression — how it's being used. If the chord is functioning as a true V, or five chord in the progression it can be called a dominant seventh chord. If not it's simply a seventh chord and doesn't or shouldn't have any harmonic designations added to its name. We don't call other chords a Tonic Seventh, Sub-Dominant Seventh, or Medient Seventh.
For more information on dominant seventh chords see my UkuleleLesson: : When Is A Dominant Seventh Chord Not A Dominant?
Chord fingering is dependent on several factors. The chord you're currently on, the previous chord, the next chord, your hand, and fingers. All chord fingerings shown are recommended fingerings and not mandatory. Most chords have alternate fingerings dependent on the context. The same chord might even be fingered one way in one part of a song or progression and an alternate fingering in another part.
The seventh chord form is a core chord voicing for creating additional 4-part chords. From core chords other all other 4-part chords can be derived. There is a minimum core set of six 4-part chords to get started with. There are: 7, maj7, m7, m7b5, dim7, 7+5. A complete core set of eleven is needed to really explore 4-part chords. This set of eleven include the minimum set of six as well as: 6, m6, mL7, dimL7, +L7. To throughly explore these core set of chords and their possible extensions, upper partials and alterations see my book A Guide to Advanced Chords for Ukulele
Raise the third (3) of a seventh chord one fret.
A 9th chord is a 5-part chord.
For a 5-part 9th chord, the root is implied and displaced for the ninth. Optionally the 3rd of a 7th chord can be lowered two frets (a whole step) for 1 9 5 b7. This really works if you have already played the chord with the third present and establishing the color of the chord.
To create a ninth chord raise the root of a 4-part chord two frets. This applies to a 7th, maj7, m7, 6, m6, m7b5, etc… Most all 4-part chords can be turned into ninth chords. For a 7th chord this would be a 9 3 5 b7.
This same process can be applied to a triad by raising the root two frets. For these chords they are typically called add2 or add9 chords.
Chords are pretty flexible and can be implied by containing the notes of the chord that make it different then another chord types with the same root. Take C and Cm, C is C E G and Cm is C Eb G. The third of the chord the E or Eb is a color tone and is responsible for making a major chord different sounding then a minor chord with the same root.
The Blues are at the heart of all American music. From the Rock, Country and Folk to Jazz. Making the form a great way to get a handle on this weeks chord.
12 Bar Blues in Key of "G" Major
12 Bar Blues in Key of "D" Major
Make all the chords in this D blues progression seventh chords.
End of Lesson - Thanks, Hope You Enjoyed It!
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D7 - Open Position and Movable Forms.
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D7 - Open Position and Movable Forms.