Gm - Open Position and Movable Forms

Open position Gm and its movable form and variations.

Published: 28 Dec 2010 Updated: 23 Oct 2022Visits: 141Code: UL84

INSTRUMENTS: Chords Main: Ukulele Others: Ukulele
Subjects: Chords • Beginner • Intermediate • Core

Related LessonAssets

Gm - Open Position and Movable Forms


Open position Gm and its movable form and variations.

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Open Position

UL84-open-position

Movable Form

UL84-open-position
A_open_finger_2_1 A_open_finger_2_1

Checkout the Learn a Chord a Day lessons for Open Position Fm for all the information you can get from a chord.

Note Regarding Chord Photos

Photos of chords cannot typically show efficient fingering as comprises need to be made to show only the fingers playing or fretting notes.

Fingers should remain over the fingerboard even when not playing notes — ready to go, which typically does not make for a good photo.

Transposing Movable Form Chords

These lessons use the root of a chord to transpose to different keys.

Root-and-Preceived-Root

Root and Perceived Root

Determine what string the root is on or would be on if not present (perceived root) in the chord's voicing.

Chord Transposition Chart

This transposition chart can be used for any chord where the root, or letter name of the chord is on the G string .

transposition chart for G

The root is on string 4, the G string.

rootsUse the Root or perceived root of the chord to transpose to different keys.

Ukulele ChordsA larger sized transposition chart is available in the Ukulele Chords book. This is the book these expanded chord lessons are based on.

Chord Tones – G Bb D

The chord tones of a G minor ( Gm ) chord are the 1st, flatted 3rd and 5th scale degrees of the G Major Scale ( G A B C D E F# G' ) .

UL84-chord-tones-degrees UL84-chord-tones-names
  • 1 – the Root or letter name of Gm is G
  • b3 – the flat third of Gm is Bb
  • 5 – the fifth of Gm is D

Two Roots?

Root-and-Preceived-Root

In the open position and movable forms of this chord there are two possible locations for the root or letter of the chord.

When using a High G tuning these two roots are the exact same notes. String four and string two both contain the root of the chord and can used for transposition purposes.

Movable Chord Forms

Transpose-Example-A7-D7-E7

Movable chord forms are chords containing no open strings. These chords can be transposed to different keys by moving each note of the chord the same number of frets up and down the neck.

Movable form chords allow you to play in any key and transpose chords, progressions, and songs to any key. From basic movable form chords, more advanced chords can be created.

The functional range of a movable chord depends on the ukulele's size (soprano, concert, or tenor), the number of frets to the body (10, 12, 14, etc.) and whether you have a cut-away for access to higher frets. Not all chords can be transposed a complete octave (12 frets).

Movable form chords can be used along with open-position chords. As you learn more movable form chords, you'll have a variety of alternate voicings for any given chord.

Movable form chords can be transposed up and down the fingerboard using the root of the chord and a transposition chart, or through knowledge of the names of the notes on the fingerboard.

Relative voicings

The movable form of this chord is a little tough to finger. An alternate voicing of the position ( Gm ). I has the same chord tones in a different voicing. It is also a little easier to finger and transition from one chord to another.

Chord Fingering

Chord fingering is dependent on several factors. The chord you're currently on, the previous chord, the next chord, your hand, and fingers. All chord fingerings shown are recommended fingerings and not mandatory. Most chords have alternate fingerings dependent on the context. The same chord might even be fingered one way in one part of a song or progression and an alternate fingering in another part.

Derived Chords

sus or suspended Chords

A sus chord implies the suspension of the third of a major, minor or seventh chord. The most common and historical use of this suspension involves raising the third of a major or seventh chord to the fourth for a sus4, or 7sus4. In some contemporary music, the suspension can also be accomplished by lowering the third of a major or minor chord to a second for a sus2 chord.

The term is borrowed from the contrapuntal technique of suspension, where a note from a previous chord is carried over to the next chord, and then resolved down to the third or tonic, suspending a note from the previous chord. However, in modern usage, the term concerns only the notes played at a given time; in a suspended chord, the added tone does not necessarily resolve and is not necessarily "prepared" (i.e., held over) from the prior chord.

Technically a sus2 is not really chord as in traditional harmony a sus or suspension only referred to the third of the chords. So, really a sus2 is most likely a power 5 without a third and with an added 2. And, another chord that, at its foundation is not a chord but a DYAD.

add2/add9 Chords

Technically the add 2 and add 9 are different chords.

Both the 2 and the 9 are the same letters but in different octaves of the scale. On ukulele, for all practical purposes, you can treat both the add2 and add9 chords as the same. Depending on whether you are using a low "G" or high "G", C tuning the added ninth might be a second. Whether you call it an add9 or add2 depends on whether the added note is in the same octave as the root of the chord.

Related to a C Major Scale a D is both a 2nd and a 9th (shown to the right). All depends on where the root is.

Power Five Chords

A Power 5 chord contains the root and fifth of a major scale with an optional octave of the root added for a three note power 5 chord. A power 5 chord is technically not a chord in the traditional sense but a dyad or interval. It's more of an implied chord sometimes major and sometimes minor.

A a sus or suspension displaces the third of a chord. An Am sus4 or Am sus2 would be the same as the sus4 and sus2 chords in lesson one's A major chord.

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End of Lesson - Thanks, Hope You Enjoyed It!

Related Lessons, Videos, Lesson Series, Songs, Books & Reference Charts, Resources & Assets, Workshops are below.

Videos

Related Videos for Gm - Open Position and Movable Forms.

Ukulele Chord a Day, January 23rd - Gm

Updated: 01 Jan 2003

Learn a new Ukulele chord every day of the year. The chord for January 23rd is Gm.

Related Books & Charts

Related Books for Gm - Open Position and Movable Forms.

BC1UKE-C

Ukulele Chords - C Tuning

Updated: 12 Feb 2024

This chord book is a great addition to you music book library. Ukulele Chords covers basic open position and basic movable form chords.

A Selection of Books & Reference Charts that are recommended for creating a solid foundation with your chosen instrument and music in general.

Books

Learning the Ukulele Fingerboard – C Tuning

Finally, learn the names of the notes of the fingerboard.

Six Secrets of Ukulele Fingering

Learn the six fingering principles to navigating the ukulele fingerboard. Fingering is one of the most universal topics.

Harmonic Analysis for Scale Selection and Chord Substitution

Harmonic Analysis is the understanding of the functional sequence of chords. It is the process used to analyze the harmonic structure of a progression, song or composition.

Ukulele – Reading Music Series – Primer

Learn to read single note melodies in the first/open position is a lot easier than you might think.

Daily Practice Material for the Contemporary Ukulele

An organized collection of daily practice and reference material for the contemporary ukulele player for developing the vocabulary and knowledge necessary for single note playing.

Checkout the Books for ALL available books.

Reference Charts

Ukulele Fingerboard Chart for C Tuning, Low or High G - G C E A

Ukulele Fingerboard Chart for C Tuning, Low or High G – G C E A

Ukulele Fingerboard Chart for G Tuning, Low or High A – D G B E

Ukulele Fingerboard Chart for G Tuning, Low or High A – D G B E

Key Signatures — Circle of Fourths and Fifths – ANSI A & A4 sizes

A handy reference chart of all 15 major and relative minor key signatures. US Letter 8.5 x 11 sized (ANSI-A) , A4

Checkout the Books for additional Handy, Dandy Reference Charts.

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