Whole Steps and Half Steps Explained

The distance between any two notes can be defined by steps.

Published: Feb 1, 2013 Updated: Apr 3, 2019 • Visitors: 31 • Page Views: 1

music ANY Subjects: beginnertheoryscales

sample-1

Showing 2 of 2 sample page(s).

sample-1 sample-2

This Download is not part of your LearningUkulele.com membership level. .

Sign-up for a site membership of Upgrade your current membership to download or your can purchase a copy for download.

Download a Printable PDF file • Each PDF file is a formatted high resolution file that prints out great.

You will need Adobe Reader or a PDF viewing application to view your PDF file.

The distance between any two notes can be defined by steps - half steps, whole steps, semi-tones, whole tones. From this series of steps you can get the names of the notes of ANY of the fifteen major scales.


Additional Content Available for Site Members Only

This lesson is a Premium / Gold Member lesson and part of the LearningUkulele.com Site Membership and Study with Curt - On-line and Private Lesson Program. To view additional content for this lesson you'll need to either Sign In or register for a site membership or upgrade your membership level from your user profile.

Login or SignUp to View Complete Lesson

Half Steps, Whole Steps, Semitones, Whole Tones

The distance from one note to the next note in the Chromatic scale is a semitone, also called a half step or a half tone ( H ), is the smallest musical interval commonly used in Western tonal music, A half-step can also be referred to as a step or one step ( 1 ) when using a numeric notation indicating the number of steps between notes. On piano that is the next key, black or white to the right or left. The next key or note to the right is a 1/2 step higher. The next key or note to the left is a 1/2 step lower. For an instrument like guitar or ukulele the next fret higher or lower is a 1/2 step.

Using the Chromatic Scale below, all twelve notes in one octave starting from C. The notes C to C# is one half step ( H or 1 ).

C C# D D# E F F# G G# A A# B C’

E to F is one half step ( H ).

C C# D D# E F F# G G# A A# B C’

Two half steps are a whole step or whole tone ( W or 2 ). This can also be referred to as two steps ( 2 ). For guitar or ukulele this is two frets higher or lower along the same string.

C C# D D# E F F# G G# A A# B C’

Scales are made up of a series whole steps and half steps forming a step pattern.

The major scale’s step pattern is W W H W W W H OR 2 2 1 2 2 2 1.

Download the lesson's PDF file for the latest, complete and most up-to-date version of the lesson. As well as additional information not presented on-line.

Members and Active Students need to sign-in
to download the premium lesson PDFs for the complete lesson.


Related Lessons

Related Lessons for Whole Steps and Half Steps Explained at this time.

The Chromatic Scale

The only scale in music with ALL twelve notes of one octave. Not much use for improvisation or solos – but a great scale for learning the notes of the next, figuring out scales, chords and more...

Six Essential Scales for `Ukulele

The six essential scales are: Blues, Major Pentatonic, Mixolydian, Dorian, Aeolian, and Ionian. From the six essential scales, you can get through a wide variety of traditional and contemporary music.

The Major Scale

Not called the learning scale for a reason. The major scale is a great scale for learning how music and chords work. It’s a core scale from which a majority of your core, essential scales can be derived. There are 15 major scales.

Related Lesson Files, Resources and Assets

Related Assets for Whole Steps and Half Steps Explained at this time.

No additional asset for Whole Steps and Half Steps Explained at this time.

Related Lesson Books

Related Books for Whole Steps and Half Steps Explained at this time.

QuickStart Series of Scale and Arpeggio Fingerings Books

QuickStart Scale & Arpeggio Fingerings are a highly organized, efficient system of scale and arpeggio fingerings. Each fingering pattern is shown with a fingerboard shape, TAB and standard music notation. Related chords are also explained for each scale.

Related Lesson Series

Related Lessons Series for Whole Steps and Half Steps Explained at this time.

Related Songs

Related Songs for Whole Steps and Half Steps Explained at this time.

Any Song Will Do

This is not really a song, but simply saying that for the purposes of a lot of the lessons and lesson series on this site ANY song will do for exploring the lesson's material and concepts presented in the lesson.

Related Videos

Related Videos for Whole Steps and Half Steps Explained.

No videos for Whole Steps and Half Steps Explained at this time.

disqus displayed in production only!!!

Site Membership Plans

FREE Bronze Plan - A limited selection of basic lessons ( currently over 140 ) and 100+ songs for ukulele as well as basic general music reference material — Completely FREE — Simply Register/Signup to access associated lessons, books, songs and their related assets.

Premium Gold Plan - The Premium Plan gives you access to ALL lessons, downloads, songs, play-along jam tracks, videos, email access to Curt, resources and related assets. As well as ALL books by Curt Sheller as FREE downloads.

Forever Premium Gold Plan - The Forever/Gold Premium Plan gives you access to ALL lessons, downloads, songs, play-along jam tracks, videos, email access to Curt, resources and related assets. As well as ALL books by Curt Sheller as FREE downloads. Pretty much everything on the site and NEVER worry about a subscription or surprise payment due. And from of the que for responding to any questions.


NOTE: Each higher membership level includes ALL the benefits of the lower membership levels.

The Private Lesson Plans include all the benefits of a Premium Access Plans as long as you remain a student on on the schedule.

Just browsing over both books, they look fantastic! I'm a guitarist and uke player for over 25 years and was thinking about writing a ukulele book but you've already written what I think are the best, most comprehensive and thorough books I've ever seen for the instrument. I just might end up buying every book you've written and I'll be giving my highest recommendation for your books to my friends and students. Thank you so much for taking the time to write such great books!Peter Rhee

Aloha, Curt, All I can say is WOW! What you have accomplished is simply incredible! All the bestGlen Hirabayashi, The Aloha Boys

Folks, if you haven't stopped by Curt's site, do so right now! ..And get his books, they are fantastic. This guy knows his stuff and is able to pass it along too.Alan Johnson Proprietor, The 4th Peg

I can highly recommend Curt's Uke books — I have four of them and they are excellent.fatveg — Portland

Thanks for visiting and checking out the site!

curtieAnim.gif

Original Curtie Animation - 1987 for my first web site
32 years ago.

LearningUkulele.com has one of the largest collections of lessons, songs, and TABS, luthiers, ukulele builders, ukulele festival and club information, and, ukulele links on the web. I’ve been on the ®Internet since the early 1990's and This site just never stops growing!!!

Content is added and updated almost daily - so check back often.