Also called machimbo, machim, machete (in the Portuguese Atlantic islands), manchete or marchete, braguinha or braguinho, or cavaco and ukulele (in Hawaii). A cavaquinho player is called a cavaquista.
The most common tuning is D-G-B-D (from lower to higher pitches); other tunings include D-A-B-E (Portuguese ancient tuning, made popular by Júlio Pereira) and G-G-B-D and A-A-C#-E. Guitarists often use D-G-B-E tuning to emulate the highest four strings of the guitar. The G-C-E-A tuning is sometimes used to emulate the soprano/tenor ukulele, an instrument developed from the cavaquinhos brought to Hawai'i by Portuguese immigrants in the late 19th century.
Jean Paul Charles Luthiers
Here you will find the product line of the french musician and luthier Jean Paul Charles, living in Salvador Bahia (Brazil) since 1995. The Jean Paul's core competence is in manufacturing acoustic and electric mandolins, mostly made of tropical solid woods. He has gained this experience by repairing stringed instruments during 18 years and by playing mandolin during 30 years. He also graduated from the ENSAAMA, Applied Arts and Art Profissions school (Paris 1977).