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Essential Scales

Essential Scales for ALL Musicians

PUBLISHED: Sep 19, 2018 UPDATED: Apr 5, 2020 • VIEWS: 1 • LESSON CODE: ML15

Instruments: ukulele guitar music ANY Subjects:

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Essential Scales

Each note of a scale is called a scale degree or scale tone and uses one of the seven letters of the musical alphabet: A B C D E F G and can also have the addition of a sharp (#) or flat (b). The distance between each scale degree can be expresses in steps. The distance from the root or 1st note of the scale to one of the other notes of the scale is called an intervals and has a name and distance. For the purposes of this lesson that can be expressed as a number, degree representing it’s position in the scale relative to the root or 1.

Scale can be organized as: Traditional, Modal, Contemporary, Altered and Exotic.

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Ukulele Eamples - C Tuning

A few of the scales on Ukulele using C Major in C Tuning, Open Position.

C Ionian (Major) C D E F G A B C`

User the audio to compare the sounds of the individual scales.

C Dorian (Minor) C D Eb F G A Bb C`

User the audio to compare the sounds of the individual scales.

C Phrygian C Db Eb F Gb Ab Bb C`

User the audio to compare the sounds of the individual scales.

C Lydian C D E F# G A B C`

User the audio to compare the sounds of the individual scales.

C Mixolydian C D E F G A Bb C`

User the audio to compare the sounds of the individual scales.

C Aeolian (Natural Minor) C D Eb F G Ab Bb C`

User the audio to compare the sounds of the individual scales.

C Locrian C Db Eb F Gb Ab Bb C`

User the audio to compare the sounds of the individual scales.

A mode is when the characteristic scale tone is stressed.

A scale is when all tones are equal.

Once you master the open position for any given scale the hard work is navigating the many possibilies along the fingerboard. Here is a lesson on Navigating the Major Scale using the Six Secrets of Ukulele Fingering of that can be applied to any scale or mode.

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Videos

Videos for Essential Scales.

Open Position, C Major Scale on Ukulele - C Tuning

Video example for the Ukulele Lesson on the Major Scale.

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Related Lessons

Related Lessons for Essential Scales at this time.

Essential C Blues Scale Patterns for Ukulele • Updated: Jan 27, 2014

Essential C Blues/Minor Pentatonic scale patterns for ukulele.

Essential C Major Scale Patterns for `Ukulele • Updated: Feb 24, 2014

Essential C Major scale patterns for ukulele.

Learning scales typically starts with learning a position or pattern by shape. For a lot of players that‘s where it stops. With the many possible shapes between chords and scales to learn - there has to be a better way - There is!!!

Essential Jazz Scales for `Ukulele • Updated: Apr 6, 2020

After you mastering the six essentials scales below and start to explore more advanced styles of music, especially jazz. There are a few more scales that are needed to cover the broader harmonic palette that a typical jazz tune draws from.

Essential Scales • Updated: Apr 5, 2020

A scale is a collection of pitches a.k.a. notes, used for creating melodies, either pre composed or improvised on the spot. A scale is also used for the harmony – the chords. The melodies and chords create a tonality. The most common source for these melodies and chords is the Major scale. Also known as the Ionian scale or mode.

Six Essential Scales for `Ukulele • Updated: Apr 3, 2020

The six essential scales are: Blues, Major Pentatonic, Mixolydian, Dorian, Aeolian, and Ionian. From the six essential scales, you can get through a wide variety of traditional and contemporary music.

A scale is simply a collection of pitches or notes, not really a "this is a Jazz scale", "this is a Blues" or "this is a Rock scale". It's how a scale is used that really matters not its name.

Most music starts with a scale. The melody, chords, licks and riffs all can be related back to a particular scale or scales.

Related Books

Related Books for Essential Scales at this time.

QuickStart - Chord Progressions for Lead Guitar - Vol I Book and CD
Updated: Dec 10, 2019

Four tracks each for the six essential scales.

QuickStart Scale Fingerings for Ukulele, Volume I, C Tuning
Updated: Jun 24, 2006

A highly organized, efficient system of scale fingerings for C tuning.

Related Songs

Related Songs for Essential Scales at this time.

Any Song Will Do
Updated: Dec 7, 2015

When any song here can be used for the concepts in the lessons.

Related Lesson Series

Related Lessons Series for Essential Scales at this time.

Six Essential Ukulele Scales
Updated: Jan 1, 2003

The Six Essential Ukulele Scales series is based on the fingering principles from my series of books in the QuickStart Scale and Arpeggio Fingerings series.

The Seven Modes
Updated: Jan 1, 2003

Pythagoras (569BC- 475BC) - discovered the numerical ratios which determine the intervals of the musical scale. Theses are the seven tones of the C Ionian or C Major scale.

Related Lesson Files, Resources and Assets

Related Assets for Essential Scales at this time.

Open Position, C Major Scale on Ukulele - C Tuning [video]
Updated: Dec 31, 2016

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