Learn a New Ukulele Chord Each Day of 2017!!!
Today's Chord a Day, February 21st - dim7
Each day of 2017 there’s a new chord you can learn and add to your chord vocabulary. First time here? Start with the January 1st chord.
Chord a Day, February 17th - C7b9
Learn a new chord everyday of February.
by Curt Sheller, Curt Sheller Publications
Learn a new Ukulele chord every day of the year. The chord for February 17th is C7b9.
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Chord Categories: Open Position
Related Lesson: Understanding a Chord Diagram
Open Position chords typically do not show the location of the root or letter name of the chord as these chords are the first chords a ukulele player learns and are almost entirely learned by shape and sound - hopefully, the chords' name. Later on one develops the ability to determine the location of the chord root(s) or letter name within the chord.
Standard Music Notation and TAB
C Tuning - High 'G' and Low 'G' Tunings
Standard music notation and TAB for C Tuning, Low and High "G" variations
Todays chord, C7b9 is a derived chord from C7. Take any chord progression with C7 in it and explore substituting C7b9 for C7.
Chord Spelling is simply knowing what the notes of a chord are. The notes of all chords can be determined from its corresponding major scale based on the root of the chord.
The notes for C7b9 are:
C E G Bb Db
These are the 1 3 5 b7 b9 scale degrees of the parent C major scale.
A flat nine chord can be created by raising the root of a seventh chords one fret.
All though additional fingerings are possible for many chords. Fingering for any given chord depends on the harmonic context the chord is being used in, what was the previous chord and what's the next chord.
Although you can play any chord with any finger as long as it's your, the recommended fingering for C7b9 is:
0 2 0 3
Here are a few alternate fingerings for today’s C7b9 chord depending on the context the chord is being used.
Alternate fingering(s) for C7b9:
- 0 3 0 4
Fingering of a chord using text only, without using a chord grid is typically done using the finger numbers from left to right, string four to string one. Here is the text notation for January 1st C chord.
The Typical text representation of a chord fingering without a chord grid.
Note: A Zero (0) fingering notation represents an open string that no finger is required.
Additional alternate fingerings might be possible for selected chords. If there isn't an overwhelming musical reason for one fingering over another, let efficiency be the determining factor. Something as simple as longer fingers can reach the lower string four and three.
Factors such as playing notes right behind the fret takes less effort than in the middle of the fret. Less effort leads to overall efficiency in play, lower maintenance for maintaining your technique and efficiency leads to speed. This can help in determine what finger to use. Finger three can overlap finger four and finger two and overlap finger three a little allowing them to get closer to their fret.
Remember – the thumb's primary role is to support the fingers – not play notes. Think of the thumb as a Stagehand. He is unseen, doesn't get any lines BUT is a critical member of the show.
Chord Construction, Notes and Intervals
ALL chords can be be constructed based on the their intervals relative to the major scale of the root or letter name of the chord. The individual names of the notes of the chord can also be determined from the same scale.
The chord tones for C7b9 are: C E G Bb Db
C7b9 is the 1 3 5 b7 b9 of the C Major Scale based on the root (C) of the chord.
A 9th chord is a 5-part chord.
For a 5-part 9th chord, the root is implied and displaced for the ninth. Optionally the 3rd of a 7th chord can be lowered two frets (a whole step) for 1 9 5 b7. This really works if you have already played the chord with the third present and establishing the color of the chord.
To create a ninth chord raise the root of a 4-part chord two frets. This applies to a 7th, maj7, m7, 6, m6, m7b5, etc... Most all 4-part chords can be turned into ninth chords. For a 7th chord this would be a 9 3 5 b7.
This same process can be applied to a triad by raising the root two frets. For these chords they are typically called add2 or add9 chords.
Chords are pretty flexible and can be implied by containing the notes of the chord that make it different then another chord types with the same root. Take C and Cm, C is C E G and Cm is C Eb G. The third of the chord the E or Eb is a color tone and is responsible for making a major chord different sounding then a minor chord with the same root.
Alterations are applied to the 9th, 5th, 11th and thirteenth of a chord. The common alterations are the b5, #5, b9, #9, #11, b13.Alternate notation for a sharp (#) is a plus sign + and for a flat (b) is a minus sign -
Altered ninths typically only apply to seventh chords.
An altered nine chord is created by raising the root of a seventh chord one fret for a 7b9 or three frets for a 7#9. Alternate notations include 7-9 and 7+9
After memorizing todays C7b9 chord and able to switch in time with other chords. The next step is adding various strums and fingerpicking patterns to your ukulele skills.
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