Getting Started with `Ukulele - Lesson Six

Published: Oct 31, 2013 Updated: Nov 3, 2013 Visits: 1

ukulele Subjects: beginner

For lesson six we'll add and build on the lesson and material from lesson five.

In lesson six you'll learn to following:

NOTE Although these lessons are presented as a weekly series you can and should take as long as you like to master each week's lesson as there is a lot of material in each lessons in the series.

The lessons in this series are viewable from the Series button bar above.

The Fingerboard - Key Frets Review

After memorizing the key frets: open strings, fret (5) and fret (7). And the secondary key frets: fret (2) and fret (10). Go back and review and memorize the frets from string one to string four.

Know the notes of the neck needs to be second nature and instant recal. This is one are of learning the ukulele that you don't even need to have the ukulele with you and can be done any time.

Technique - Next Steps

After the basic one, two, three and four finger single string finger gymnastics. The next phase can open be determined by addressing and observing your current technique. Without this direct one-on-one observation there are several route that you can take. Either repeating notes, open strings, developing your barre, double stops or exploring the moving the basic four finger-four frets default fingering position around the fingerboard.

Moving the four fret, four finger position around the fingerboard is all about the Six Finger Principles from The Six Secrets of Ukulele Fingering which explores the basic, slide, pass, contraction, stretch and leap fingering principles.

Primary Chords - A Major

The key of A major is on of the common keys that include C, G, D, A and E.

As we learned in week one’s lessons - the primary chords are the three major chords that are the main chords of the key. The primary chords create the tension and resolution in music that gives a chord progression emotion – a feeling of rest and resolution or constance and dissonance.

Learn the A, D, E and E7 open position chords. With these four chords you can play countless songs in the key of A major.

Using the Quarter Notes strum and focus on switching between A, D, E and E7.

Ultimately any chord can go an any chord so practice all the following combinations:

This will cover all possible connections. Practice switching at a SLOW tempo and slowly increase the tempo as you get comfortable with the chords.

Visualize the next chord while you are on the current chord.

With these Three Chords you can play a lot of songs.

Common Progressions - Key of A

With the primary and secondary chords in the key of A.

Core Strumming Pattern Four

This is the last of the four core strumming patterns. Theses are some of the most famous strumming patterns used - this one in particular is very popular.

Melodic Ear Training

Now that you know a bit about intervals, it’s time to start and recognize them by ear. This is where you can truly start to learn to Play by Ear

Functional pitch recognition involves identifying the function or role of a single pitch in the context of an established tonic. Once a tonic has been established, each subsequent pitch may be classified without direct reference to accompanying pitches. For example, once the tonic G has been established, listeners may recognize that the pitch D plays the role of the dominant in the key of G. No reference to any other pitch is required to establish this fact.


End of Lesson - Thanks, Hope You Enjoyed It!


Related Lessons

Related Lessons for Getting Started with `Ukulele - Lesson Six at this time.

Learning the `Ukulele Fingerboard - C Tuning, Key Frets

There is nothing that returns more value when learning a fretted musical instrument like the ukulele than really, and I mean really knowing the names of the notes of the fingerboard. This is not the same as learning to read music – but simply knowing the name of any note on the fingerboard.

Four Famous Core `Ukulele Strums - Pattern - Pattern Four

For ukulele there are four core, basic strums that will get you started. This is the fourth of the four core patterns.

Ear Training

Ear Training is the development of the active and passive capability to relate to music aurally. This includes the ability to recognize melodic and harmonic intervals, chords, chords progressions, rhythm, melody, and harmony.

Repeating Note Single String Fingering Drills

Building on the single note 1, 2, 3, and 4 finger basic gymnastics. Now with a repeating note or two. This series of lessons although the examples are shown for ukulele are appropriate for any fretted string instrument like guitar, banjo or mandolin.

Chord Switching - Double Stops

Switching chords are all about finger independence and working together. This can be developed using the double stop fingering drills presented in this lesson.

Adjacent String Pairs Fingering Drills

Building on the one, two, three and four finger finger gymnastics, these adjacent strings drills add a change of direction to the exercises.

Primary Chords - A Major

The primary chords for any major key are the I, IV and V chords of its corresponding major scale. For A Major the primary chords are: A, D, E and E7

Related Lesson Files, Resources and Assets

Related Assets for Getting Started with `Ukulele - Lesson Six at this time.

Ukulele Fingerboard Chart for C Tuning, Low or High G

Ukulele Fingerboard Chart for C Tuning, Low or High G.


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Basic Ukulele Chord Chart

A chart of the most common ukulele chords in the most common keys of C, G, D, A, and E.

Related Lesson Books

Related Books for Getting Started with `Ukulele - Lesson Six at this time.

Ukulele- Reading Music Series - Primer

Learn to read single note melodies in the first/open position.

A Guide to Ukulele Strums

Learn a variety of strums and rhythmic patterns in wide range of musical styles.

Learning the Ukulele Fingerboard - C Tuning

Finally, learn the names of the notes of the fingerboard. - C tuning

Six Secrets of Ukulele Fingering

Related Lesson Series

Related Lessons Series for Getting Started with `Ukulele - Lesson Six at this time.

Types of Chords Available on Ukulele

The types of chords possible on ukulele include open position chords, movable form chords, 4-part chords, a.k.a. jazz chords and free from chords.

Open Position Chords

These are the basic first chords most players learn. There're the chords in the first one, two, three and fours frets of the ukulele and include at least one open string.

Basic Movable Form Chords

Sometimes called "barre" chords, these chords are the basic open position chords that venture beyond the third fret and do not include open strings.

4-part Contemporary Chords, a.k.a. Jazz Chords

Beyond basic open position chords and basic movable form chords these are the core set of 4-part chords that are used to build ALL your contemporary, more advanced chords. Commonly called "Jazz" chords these are the chords where the knowing how principles of how chords are constructed and your knowledge of the names of the notes of the ukulele fingerboard offer the most benefit to using and expanding your chord vocabulary. From these core chords you can create all those crazy named chords such as: 9#11, 7#5-9, 13b5, 7+9 - and on the fly as needed.

Free Form Chords

Free Form chords are those chords that do not fall into one of the above categories. They typically don't show up in chord dictionaries or software programs. You can create these chords when you know the notes of the ukulele fingerboard, know how chords are constructed and know the names of the notes the chord and the intervals that make up the chord.

Traditional and Contemporary Triads

Somewhere in the mix of the above four chord categories, triads should be explored. Triads are the foundation of most chords. They are amazing versatile chords that can be used harmonically as chords or melodically in solos. The student and the type of music determines

A triad is a three note chord. In traditional chord theory there are four traditional triad chord types: major, minor, diminished and augmented. And four contemporary triad chord types: sus2, sus4, add2 and add9.

Triads can be used harmonically, as chords and melodically, as single notes. Triads are a great way to get started with creating melodic solos and improvising.

In my personal and teaching experience triads are the first real challenging chords after the basic open position chords and movable basic chords. I personally found them even harder that the 4-part "jazz" chords.

Common Chord Progressions and Remembering Songs

Learning the similarities between chord progressions and songs helps you remember a lot of songs. There's a lot more in common between songs than one might think.

This series of lessons explores common chord progressions.

Remembering songs is lot like remembering the directions for a road trip. There are the turn-by-turn directions, road maps, signs and landmarks. Turn here, turn there, remember this and remember that landmark. With a songs it's the chords, the harmonic cells and form of the song.

With a few music tools and an understanding of the principles of how chords and chords progressions work. You can start unraveling what's going on in a song. There's a lot more in common between songs than you might think. Each song has it's own direction, signs and landmarks.

Harmonic Analysis for Scale and Chord Selection

Harmonic Analysis is the process used to determine the harmonic function of chords within a chord progression or song. A chord progression is defined as a sequence of chords, each chord has a root and is a particular chord type. The relationship of a chord's to a scale determines its function within that scale's tonality.

This series of lessons are extracted from my book for use with individual private and on-line students-members.

Basic Ukulele Chords Charts

Not so much a series - but the basic chords ALL ukulele players should know.

Basic Ukulele Chords Charts - As much as I preach the need to not have to rely on chords charts. When you're first learning the ukulele and chords these charts are a real help - just not long a term alternative to actually knowng your chords, where they come from and how to create them when needed.

Modular Phonetic Rhythm by Chuck Anderson

Modular Phonetic Rhythm represents a significant advance in the teaching and application of rhythm. Eliminating many inefficient aspects of rhythm education, Modular Phonetic Rhythm streamlines the traditional educational approach, resulting in a reflexive reaction to rhythm.

Key Signatures - A Major

The key of A major-F# minor.

Cover the primary and secondary chords and common chord progressions.

Getting Started Series of `Ukulele Lessons

This series of lessons is intended to take a beginning ukulele player, just Getting Started through the basics. Your goal, as well as mine, is to help you create a solid foundation for future learning and development with this fun, cool instrument - the `ukulele. This series of lessons are also a great refresher for all players who've been playing for awhile or are in a position to offer assistance or advice to fellow players.

Spend at least one week, if not more on the material presented in each lesson. Each one builds on the previous series of lessons. Take as much time as needed with each task. Skipping or rushing through will only come back to haunt you later down the road. You miss a lot when taking shortcuts or skipping around.

Suggesting and recommending lessons to visitors and players that haven’t had the benefit of a one-on-one personal evaluation with me is a bit of a challenge. Just as any one book does not address anyone player and their needs, a series of lessons has to be somewhat generic and cover a lot of material. Think of each set of lessons as a menu of choices.

They're over 600 currently available lessons online and counting for ukulele that I’ve created over the years. If you don’t see a particular topic or specific task you’re looking for I probably have something here or can create a lesson to address your needs.

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