Chord a Day, January 6th - Em

Learn a new chord everyday of January.

Published: Jan 1, 2013 Updated: Jan 6, 2016

ukulele | Subjects: chords

Learn a new Ukulele chord every day of the year. The chord for January 6th is Em. The 'm' is pronounced 'minor'.

Em is a Core Chord

A core chord is a basic chord that other chords can be derived from - creating new chords from your known chords. Your ever expanding set of core chords creates a solid foundation for playing music on ukulele or any instrument capable of playing chords. There are just far too many chord shapes to memorize all the possibilities. Some chords you can simply create on the fly as needed based on known information and how chords work.

Chord Type(s): Minor
Chord Categories: Open Position Triad

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Chord_grid_legand.png

Related Lesson: Understanding a Chord Diagram

Open Position chords typically do not show the location of the root or letter name of the chord as these chords are the first chords a ukulele player learns and are almost entirely learned by shape and sound - hopefully, the chords' name. Later on one develops the ability to determine the location of the chord root(s) or letter name within the chord.

Standard Music Notation and TAB
C Tuning - High 'G' and Low 'G' Tunings

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Standard music notation and TAB for C Tuning, Low and High "G" variations

Chord Spelling

Chord Spelling is simply knowing what the notes of a chord are. The notes of all chords can be determined from its corresponding major scale based on the root of the chord.

The notes for Em are:

E G B

These are the 1 b3 5 scale degrees of the parent E major scale.

Recommended Fingering

LH_fingersAll though additional fingerings are possible for many chords. Fingering for any given chord depends on the harmonic context the chord is being used in, what was the previous chord and what's the next chord.

Although you can play any chord with any finger as long as it's your, the recommended fingering for Em is:

Recommended Fingering
0 3 2 1

Alternate Fingering(s)

Here are a few alternate fingerings for today’s Em chord depending on the context the chord is being used.

Alternate fingering(s) for Em:

  • 0 4 3 2

Fingering Notation

Fingering of a chord using text only, without using a chord grid is typically done using the finger numbers from left to right, string four to string one. Here is the text notation for January 1st C chord.

The Typical text representation of a chord fingering without a chord grid.

Note: A Zero (0) fingering notation represents an open string that no finger is required.

Minor Chords

Em – the m is pronounced “minor”. Minor chords are the second most common chord type next to major chords.

Minor chords have a dark sound.

Em is a core chord and should be memorized. From your core chords other chords can be derived.

Fingering Chords

Additional alternate fingerings might be possible for selected chords. If there isn't an overwhelming musical reason for one fingering over another, let efficiency be the determining factor. Something as simple as longer fingers can reach the lower string four and three goes a long way to being efficient when switching chords.

Factors such as playing notes right behind the fret takes less effort than in the middle of the fret. Less effort leads to overall efficiency in play, lower maintenance for maintaining your technique and efficiency leads to speed. This can help in determining what finger to use. Finger three can overlap finger four and finger two can overlap finger three a little allowing them to get closer to the fret.

Remember – the thumb's primary role is to support the fingers – not play notes. Think of the thumb as a Stagehand. He is unseen, doesn't get any lines BUT is a critical member of the team.

Chord Construction, Notes and Intervals

ALL chords can be be constructed based on the their intervals relative to the major scale of the root or letter name of the chord. The individual names of the notes of the chord can also be determined from the same scale.

The chord tones for Em are: E G B

Em is the 1 b3 5 of the E Major Scale based on the root (E) of the chord.

Next Steps

After memorizing todays Em chord and able to switch in time with other chords. The next step is adding various Strums and Fingerpicking patterns to your ukulele skills.


End of Lesson - Thanks, Hope You Enjoyed It!


Related Lesson Files, Resources and Assets

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Related Lessons

Related Lessons for Chord a Day, January 6th - Em at this time.

Comparing the High G and Low G, C Tunings

Exploring the differences in these two common C tunings, both the high G reentrant tuning associated with he ukulele and the low G variation.

Basic Open Position `Ukulele Chord Chart

A core set of basic ukulele chords that ALL Ukulele players should know - at least - in the five common keys of C, G, D, A and E. As well as the seventh chords for common keys. The chart is organized in common keys and covers basic chords in these keys. Of the 15 possible major and relative minor keys in music. There are five common keys to get started with: C, G, D, A, and E. These keys allow you to play quite a few popular songs. There's more in common between songs that your might think.

Chord Shapes and Learning `Ukulele Chords

Pick up any chord dictionary, and one thought that should go through your mind is. There is now way to memorize all those shapes. It would be better off learning how they came up with all those shapes. Most chord dictionaries are also just like pages transposed to all possible keys.

Learning the `Ukulele Fingerboard (Finally!!!)

Most players struggle with learning the names of the notes of the ukulele fingerboard. There doesn't seem to a pattern and notes repeat. There is an easy way and it's easier that you think!

Naming Chords on `Ukulele

A Chord can have alternate names based on how it is being used. A chord's function is an important determining factor in naming a chord.

Natural, Sharp and Flat Notes of the `Ukulele Fingerboard - C Tuning

Standard music notation, the natural, sharp and flat notes of the ukulele fingerboard for C tuned ukuleles. Covers both high C and low G tuning variations.

Movable `Ukulele Chords

A series of weekly ukulele lessons originally presented throughout 2007 on movable ukulele chords as the ** Ukulele Chord of The Week** Series. Based on my Ukulele Chords book it takes the open position chords and shows the movable form and the variations.

Reading Ukulele TAB - Alternate Notation

TAB or Tablature Tablature is an alternate form of musical notation, which tells players where to place their fingers on a particular instrument rather than which pitches to play.

Standard Music Notation

Rather than do a complete lesson on standard music notation. Why reinvent the wheel. There are a lot of great resources on-line and books in music stores that already exist. Here is my take on several of the offerings.

The Learning Process - The Mind, Hands and Ears

For music and learning an instrument like the ukulele or guitar, it's all about the making the connection between the Mind, the Hands and the Ear.

The Harmonized Major and Minor Scale Charts

The Major Scale or Ionian scale is a diatonic scale, made up of seven distinct notes, plus an eighth which duplicates the first one octave higher. In solfege these notes correspond to the syllables “Do, Re, Mi, Fa, Sol, La, Ti/Si, (Do)”, the “Do” in the parenthesis at the end being the octave of the root.

Transposing Individual `Ukulele Chords

Transposition is the process of moving notes, chords, scales or any musical passages from one key to another key. All music can be transposed, from a single note to a complex musical score. This lesson deals with transposing chords.

Em - Open Position and Movable Forms

Open position Em and its movable form and variations.

Related Lesson Files, Resources and Assets

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