This is from Wikipedia and an interesting take on styles.
( from WikipediA : ) Music can be divided into many genres different ways. These classifications are often arbitrary and closely related styles often overlap. Many[who?] do not believe that generic classification of musical styles is possible in any logically consistent way, and also argue that doing so sets limitations and boundaries that hinder the development of music. While no one doubts that it is possible to note similarities between musical pieces, there are often exceptions and caveats associated. Labeling music with genres often do not reflect a specific culture, race, or time period. Larger genres comprise more specific sub genres.
Music Styles / Genres and How to Play Them on Ukulele
Bebop or bop is a style of jazz developed in the early-to-mid-1940s in the United States. The style features compositions characterized by a fast tempo, complex chord progressions with rapid chord changes and numerous changes of key, instrumental virtuosity, and improvisation based on a combination of harmonic structure, the use of scales and occasional references to the melody. Think Charlis Parker, Clifforn Brown, Dexter Gordon, Sonny Rollins, Thelonious Monk, Charlie Christian, Max Roach. etc …
There are a several bebop songs and play-alongs available, right here on LearningUkulele.com.
Bluegrass music is a form of American roots music, and a related genre of country music. Influenced by the music of Appalachia, Bluegrass has mixed roots in Irish, Scottish, Welsh, and English traditional music, and was also later influenced by the music of African-Americans through incorporation of jazz elements.
Bluegrass songs are typically up-tempo and in Cut Time .
As far as strumming on the guitar is's a bass note chord bass note chord. On ukulele it needs to be simulated as there are no real bass notes on a ukulele. So the strum is more like what is done on the mandolin. On mandolin a player will do a shorter stroke on beats one and three on the lower strings in a more staccato style and a fuller chord on beats two and four. This gives the illusion of the bass note chord style. Think Boom, Chick, Boom, Chick. Bluegrass can also be performed fingerstyle using the alternating thumb style with the thumb plucking a single note and the finger pinching or strumming multiple strings. THis really points to the low string four tuning to get close to playing in the Bluegrass style.
Blues are at the heart of all American music. be it Rock, Country, Folk, Pop or Jazz. There is a blues component and influence that can be found in all those styles.
Blues is a genre and musical form that originated in African-American communities in the "Deep South" of the United States around the end of the 19th century. The genre is a fusion of traditional African music and European folk music, spirituals, work songs, field hollers, shouts and chants, and rhymed simple narrative ballads. The blues form, ubiquitous in jazz, rhythm and blues and rock and roll, is characterized by the call-and-response pattern and specific chord progressions, of which the twelve-bar blues is the most common. The blue notes are also an important part of the sound. Blues shuffles or walking bass reinforce the trance-like rhythm and form a repetitive effect called a groove.
Bossa Nova, Bossa for short, is a genre of Brazilian music, which developed and was popularized in the 1950s and '60s and is today one of the best-known Brazilian music genres abroad. The phrase bossa nova means literally "new trend". A lyrical fusion of samba and jazz, bossa nova acquired a large following in the 1960s, initially among young musicians and college students.
Bossa nova is most commonly performed on the nylon-string classical guitar, played with the fingers rather than with a pick.
Bossa Nova and related Latin styles are based on a Clave Pattern, typically a 3:2 or 2:3 rhythmic pattern.
Cha Cha as a dance music genre, cha-cha-chá is unusual in that its creation can be attributed to a single composer, Enrique Jorrín, then violinist and songwriter with the charanga band Orquesta América. This rhythm was developed from the danzón-mambo
In the Rock and Pop worlds, latin typically refers to Latin Rock - a pseudo style up to the player to interpret.
Latin Jazz is a genre of jazz with Latin American rhythms. Many od the styles below would fall into this category. And needs more specifics.
Merengue is a type of music and dance originating in the Dominican Republic which has become one of the most popular genres throughout Latin America and major cities in the United States
Reggae is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s. While sometimes used in a broad sense to refer to most types of popular Jamaican dance music, the term reggae more properly denotes a particular music style that was strongly influenced by traditional mento and calypso music, as well as American jazz and rhythm and blues, especially the New Orleans R&B practiced by Fats Domino and Allen Toussaint, and evolved out of the earlier genres ska and rocksteady.
Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the late 1940s and early 1950s, developing into a range of different styles in the mid-1960s and later, particularly in the United States and the United Kingdom. It has its roots in 1940s and 1950s rock and roll, a style that drew directly from the blues and rhythm and blues genres of African-American music and from country music. Rock music also drew strongly from a number of other genres such as electric blues and folk, and incorporated influences from jazz, classical, and other musical styles. For instrumentation, rock has centered on the electric guitar, usually as part of a rock group with electric bass, drums, and one or more singers. Usually, rock is song-based music with a 4/4 time signature using a verse–chorus form, but the genre has become extremely diverse. Like pop music, lyrics often stress romantic love but also address a wide variety of other themes that are frequently social or political.
During the second half of the 19th century, several secular dance-oriented music styles were developed by Afro-Cuban workers in the poor neighborhoods of Havana and Matanzas. These syncretic styles would later be referred to as "rumba", a word that also meant "party". Traditionally, the three main styles of rumba are yambú, columbia and guaguancó, each of which has a characteristic dance, rhythm and singing.
Samba is a Brazilian musical genre and dance style originating in Brazil, with its roots in Africa via the West African slave trade and African religious traditions, particularly Angola and the Congo. Although there were various forms of samba in Brazil in the form of various popular rhythms and regional dances that originated from the drumming, samba as music genre is seen as a musical expression of urban Rio de Janeiro, then the capital of Imperial Brazil.
Ska is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1950s and was the precursor to rocksteady and reggae. Ska combined elements of Caribbean mento and calypso with American jazz and rhythm and blues. It is characterized by a walking bass line accented with rhythms on the upbeat. Ska developed in Jamaica in the 1960s when Prince Buster, Clement "Coxsone" Dodd, and Duke Reid formed sound systems to play American rhythm & blues and then began recording their own songs. In the early 1960s, ska was the dominant music genre of Jamaica and was popular with British mods
Swing music, or simply swing, is a form of American music that developed in the early 1930s and became a distinctive style by 1940. Swing uses a strong rhythm section of double bass and drums as the anchor for a lead section of brass instruments such as trumpets and trombones, woodwinds including saxophones and clarinets, and sometimes stringed instruments such as violin and guitar, medium to fast tempos, and a "lilting" swing time rhythm. The name swing came from the phrase ‘swing feel’ where the emphasis is on the off–beat or weaker pulse in the music.
Food for thought: "Rock is 2 and Jazz is 3."
Tango is a style of music in 2/4 or 4/4 time that originated among European immigrant populations of Argentina and Uruguay (collectively, the "Rioplatenses"). It is traditionally played on a solo guitar, guitar duo, or an ensemble, known as the orquesta típica, which includes at least two violins, flute, piano, double bass, and at least two bandoneóns. Sometimes guitars and a clarinet join the ensemble. Tango may be purely instrumental or may include a vocalist. Tango music and dance have become popular throughout the world.
A waltz (German: Walzer; French: Valse, Italian: Valzer, Spanish: Vals, Polish: Walc), probably deriving from German Ländler, is dance music in triple meter, often written in 3/4 time. A waltz typically sounds one chord per measure, and the accompaniment style particularly associated with the waltz is (as seen in the example to the right) to play the root of the chord on the first beat, the upper notes on the second and third beats.
A song can be in 3/4 and not be a waltz. Simply treat is as any 4/4 style but 3 beats not 4.
Jazz Waltz is a style played in 3/4 time. It's a two bar pattern with the first bar is eight, quarter eight quarter and the second bar is the traditional three quarter notes. It does however have a distant bass note pattern as shown in the music notation below which suggest a Low string four tuning. Example is shown using C Tuning with a Low G.
As this is a bass notes / chord style fingerstyle is a great technique to execute this pattern.
For a really big list of music styles, visit the WidipediA listing of music styles